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Genomic studies of contemporary processes in wild populations

with the Scandinavian brown bear as a model

Norman, Anita J. (2016). Genomic studies of contemporary processes in wild populations. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Umeå : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2016:28
ISBN 978-91-576-8558-2
eISBN 978-91-576-8559-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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Genomic tools can greatly facilitate our understanding of wild populations. For the purposes of ecology and conservation, the most pertinent insights into wild populations are those that are contemporary. Much of the genetic-based research on wild populations has been derived from a population genetic framework resulting in historically derived summary statistics. These statistics are undoubtedly useful for understanding things such as effective dispersal and population structuring. However, they provide little indication to processes affecting populations within existing generations. One way to overcome this is to work at the individual level and consolidate the findings to improve understanding at the population level. For individual-based genetic studies, it is essential to be able to identify unique individuals and obtain reliable inferences of relatedness. Molecular markers must therefore possess qualities that make them suitable for identifying individuals and inferring relatedness between them.

This dissertation first describes the development of a set of 96 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) designed to infer relatedness between individuals in the Scandinavian brown bear population. The SNPs were used to study three contemporary features through relatedness inferences and pedigree reconstruction based on noninvasively collected samples: population size, natal dispersal distances, and fine-scale spatial structuring. These three studies are all based on new methods, one developed by Creel and Rosenblatt (2013) but empirically tested here, and the other two first developed for this dissertation. Using these methods, I successfully identified contemporary characteristics of a wild population. These methods can easily be applied to other species of ecological and conservation interest.

Authors/Creators:Norman, Anita J.
Title:Genomic studies of contemporary processes in wild populations
Subtitle:with the Scandinavian brown bear as a model
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :26 February 2016
Depositing date:26 February 2016
Number of Pages:49
INorman AJ, Street NR, Spong G (2013). De novo SNP discovery in the Scandinavian brown bear (Ursus arctos). PLoS ONE 8(11), e81012.
IISpitzer R, Norman AJ, Schneider M, Spong G. (2016) Estimating population size using single nucleotide polymorphism-based pedigree data. Ecology and Evolution. (In Press)
IIINorman AJ, Spong G (2015). Single nucleotide polymorphism-based dispersal estimates using noninvasive sampling. Ecology and Evolution 5(15), 3056-3065.
IVNorman AJ, Stronen AV, Fuglstad G-A, Ruiz-Gonzales A, Kindberg J, Street NR, Spong G. Landscape relatedness: detecting contemporary, finescale spatial structure in wild populations. (In Review).
Place of Publication:Umeå
Publisher:Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8558-2
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8559-9
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L10 Animal genetics and breeding
L Animal production > L20 Animal ecology
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Behavioural Sciences Biology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Evolutionary Biology
Agrovoc terms:ursus, wild animals, population size, population structure, population distribution, polymorphism, genetic markers, genomes, sweden
Keywords:SNPs, dispersal, population structure
Permanent URL:
ID Code:13114
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: Anita J Norman
Deposited On:29 Feb 2016 07:09
Metadata Last Modified:10 Sep 2020 13:41

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