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Phenotypic Diversity of Date Palm Cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera L.) from Sudan Estimated by Vegetative and Fruit Characteristics

Elsafy, Mohammed and Gustavsson, Larisa and Mujaju, Claid (2015). Phenotypic Diversity of Date Palm Cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera L.) from Sudan Estimated by Vegetative and Fruit Characteristics. International Journal of Biodiversity. 2015, 1-7
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to apply some of the vegetative and fruit traits which are easily recognised to identify the variation and the diversity level of the most famous Sudanese date palm cultivars grown on farm in the northern region of Sudan. Sixteen phenotypic traits consisting of ten quantitative and six qualitative characteristics were used for describing the vegetative and fruit characteristics. The principal components analysis (PCA) and UPGMA clustering were used to analyse the data set. The results revealed high variability among the cultivars according to PCA. Fourteen out of the sixteen quantitative and qualitative traits investigated showed a strong discriminating factor suggesting their possible uses in the initiation of Sudanese date palm morphological descriptor list. UPGMA clustering exhibited strong relationship between some cultivars according to their fruit and vegetative characteristics similarity. Based on morphological traits, cultivars Wad-laggi (Lag) and Wad-khateeb (Kha) formed a distinct group suggesting their close relatedness. Similarly, the cultivars sharing the dry fruit texture such as Gondaila (Gon), Tamoda (Tam), Kolmah (Kol), and Barkawi (Bar) were grouped together according to their vegetative traits. Further investigations on Sudanese date palm using more phenotypic characteristics are recommended in order to shape and complete the set of the morphological descriptor list.

Authors/Creators:Elsafy, Mohammed and Gustavsson, Larisa and Mujaju, Claid
Title:Phenotypic Diversity of Date Palm Cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera L.) from Sudan Estimated by Vegetative and Fruit Characteristics
Series/Journal:International Journal of Biodiversity (2314-4157)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:2015
Page range:1-7
Number of Pages:7
Publisher:Hindawi
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:SLU - Environmental assessment > Programme Biodiversity
Z - SLU - Libray > Odla mera
ISSN:2314-4157
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Other Biological Topics
Keywords:phenotypic traits, date palms, Sudan
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3352
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3352
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1155/2015/610391
ID Code:13166
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Breeding (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:04 Apr 2016 09:54
Metadata Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 04:01

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