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Evaluation of supply chains and post-harvest losses of selected food commodities in Ethiopia

Amentae, Tadesse Kenea (2016). Evaluation of supply chains and post-harvest losses of selected food commodities in Ethiopia. Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv. , Rapport / Institutionen för energi och teknik, SLU, 1654-9406 ; 088
ISBN 978-91-576-9387-7
eISBN 978-91-576-9388-4
[Licentiate thesis]

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Supply chain management practices and losses in food value chains of three major food commodities in Ethiopia (milk, teff and warqe or enset) were evaluated in this thesis. Teff is a cereal, while warqe is a perennial plant from which the food products kocho and bulla are extracted. Teff, kocho and bulla are staple foods for many Ethiopians.

In the three case studies, value chain analysis, questionnaire-based loss estimations and Likert scale-based loss factor evaluation were applied. Qualitative and quantitative primary data were collected using a semi-structured survey questionnaire and key informant interviews. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Tobit and Probit models in SPSS and Microsoft Excel software.

The study identified major chain actors and losses at each stage of the food supply chains. In the milk chain, estimated losses were 3.35%, 5.46%, 2.45%, 0.95%, 1.23% and 0.88% at producers, cooperatives/union, wholesalers, retailers, processors and catering institutions, respectively. In the teff chain, estimated losses were 8.18%, 1.67%, 2.85% and 3.58% at producers, wholesalers, retailers and catering institutions/consumer stage, respectively, while the corresponding values in the kocho chain were 5.8%, 15.2%, 24% and 5.8%, respectively. In the bulla chain, 1.4%, 3.1%, 12.6%, 28.8% and 4.5% losses were estimated to occur at producers, wholesalers, retailers, processors and catering institutions/consumer stage, respectively.

The loss hotspots identified were cooperatives, farmers, retailers and processors for milk, teff, kocho and bulla, respectively. Poor handling at collection points, the threshing process and poor packaging and processing facilities were among the major problems causing losses. Tobit model analysis identified distance to the nearest market as the most important factor for farmers’ post-harvest losses, while Probit analysis identified attendance in formal education as most determining for value addition decisions in the teff chain.

Relationships among the chain actors were mostly based on spot transactions, lacking long-term market orientation and adequate mutuality and trust. However, application of supply chain management (SCM) practices could potentially improve the overall supply chains and reduce food losses.

Authors/Creators:Amentae, Tadesse Kenea
Title:Evaluation of supply chains and post-harvest losses of selected food commodities in Ethiopia
Series Name/Journal:Rapport / Institutionen för energi och teknik, SLU
Year of publishing :13 April 2016
Depositing date:23 March 2016
Number of Pages:75
ITadesse Kenea Amentae, Girma Gebresenbet, David Ljungberg (2015). Characterizing Milk Supply and Marketing Chains and Losses in Wolmera and Ejere Districts of Ethiopia. Journal of Service Science and Management, 8, 823-843
IITadesse Kenea Amentae, Efa Gobena Tura, Girma Gebresenbet, David Ljungberg (2016). Exploring value chain and post-harvest losses of Teff in Bacho and Dawo districts of central Ethiopia. Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research 7(1), 11-28
IIIAshenafi Cheka Tufa, Tadesse Kenea Amentae,Tesfaye Balemi Tufa, Girma Gebresenbet. Assessment of postharvest food losses of Warqe along its supply chain in the central part of Ethiopia (submitted )
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-9387-7
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-9388-4
Publication Type:Licentiate thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E20 Organization, administration and management of agricultural enterprises or farms
E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E70 Trade, marketing and distribution
J Handling, transport, storage and protection of agricultural products > J10 Handling, transport, storage and protection of agricultural products
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Agrovoc terms:supply chain, food supply, agricultural products, milk, eragrostis tef, cereal crops, ensete ventricosum, postharvest losses, wastage, marketing, models, case studies, ethiopia
Keywords:Ethiopia, Food Losses, Milk, SCM, Teff, Value Chain, Warqe
Permanent URL:
ID Code:13218
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Deposited By: Tadesse Kenea Amentae
Deposited On:23 Mar 2016 15:35
Metadata Last Modified:10 Sep 2020 13:41

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