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Supply and value chain analyses of warqe food products in relation to post-harvest losses

Chaka, Ashenafi (2016). Supply and value chain analyses of warqe food products in relation to post-harvest losses. Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv. , Rapport / Institutionen för energi och teknik, SLU, 1654-9406 ; 089
ISBN 978-91-576-9389-1
eISBN 978-91-576-9390-7
[Licentiate thesis]

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Abstract

Post-harvest losses are a global problem and are of critical importance in food-insecure countries such as Ethiopia. Losses of root and tuber crops are known to be high in developing countries, where many of the population are dependent on these crops. Warqe (Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheesman) is a staple crop in Ethiopia. This banana-like plant is used as a food, mainly in the form of the products kocho, bulla and amicho, and also in non-food applications. The supply and value chain of warqe foods and associated post-harvest losses were analysed in this thesis and hotspots for losses were identified, based on two surveys conducted in Ethiopia in 2013 and 2015. The first survey targeted nine groups of farmers, four groups of traders and four research institutions throughout the country. Based on the results, the second survey concentrated on analysing two supply routes to central market. A total of 522 respondents, including producers, food processors, traders, transporters and consumers, were randomly selected for that survey. Value chain theory was employed to analyse the value chain, while post-harvest losses were assessed by adopting the Commodity System Assessment Methodology (CSAM).

The results indicated that farmers, collectors, processors, wholesalers, retailers and consumers are the principal value chain actors. In addition, some transporters and open market dealers are involved in the supply chain and logistics process. Product and information flows between actors in both the supply and value chains were found to be weak. The performance of the kocho value chain was not efficient and about 45.3% of the total marketed product of kocho and 45.6% of bulla was lost along the supply chain. The highest kocho (24.0%) and bulla (28.8%) losses were observed at retailer and processor level, respectively. Poor processing methods, use of perishable packaging material, poor transportation and inappropriate storage and market conditions were the main reasons for the losses. To minimise losses, it is important to work on value addition to warqe foods and improve processing, storage and packaging. Shared warehouses need to be built around producers and near marketplaces. Farmers and bulla processors could be supported by providing credit, developing and supplying improved warqe varieties, advisory services, market facilities and market information.

Authors/Creators:Chaka, Ashenafi
Title:Supply and value chain analyses of warqe food products in relation to post-harvest losses
Series/Journal:Rapport / Institutionen för energi och teknik, SLU (1654-9406)
Year of publishing :2016
Depositing date:23 March 2016
Volume:089
Number of Pages:69
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
IChaka, A., Kenea, T. and Gebresenbet, G. (2016). Analysis of the supply chain and logistics practices of warqe food products in Ethiopia (Submitted to Journal on Food System Dynamics)
IIChaka, A., Kenea, T. and Gebresenbet, G. (2016). Value chain analysis of warqe food products in Central Ethiopia (manuscript)
IIIChaka, A., Kenea, T., Balemi, T. and Gebresenbet, G. (2015). Post-harvest losses of warqe food products along the supply chain in central Ethiopia. (Submitted to International Journal of Postharvest Technology and Innovation)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-9389-1
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-9390-7
ISSN:1654-9406
Language:English
Publication Type:Licentiate thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E70 Trade, marketing and distribution
J Handling, transport, storage and protection of agricultural products > J11 Handling, transport, storage and protection of plant products
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 201 Civil Engineering > Transport Systems and Logistics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Horticulture
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Food Science
Agrovoc terms:supply chain, food supply, ensete ventricosum, food crops, postharvest losses, agricultural products, wastage, logistics, markets, case studies, ethiopia
Keywords:Warqe, kocho, bulla, value and supply chain analyses, logistics, post-harvest losses, Ethiopia
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3334
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3334
ID Code:13219
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
Deposited By: Ashenafi Chaka Tuffa
Deposited On:24 Mar 2016 07:30
Metadata Last Modified:08 Sep 2017 09:15

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