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Habitat manipulation

as a pest management tool in vegetable and fruit cropping systems, with the focus on insects and mites

Nilsson, Ulf and Porcel, Mario and Swiergiel, Weronika and Wivstad, Maria (2016). Habitat manipulation. Uppsala: (NL, NJ) > Dept. of Crop Production Ecology, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
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Abstract

Today, there is increasing interest among Swedish growers in biological diversity within the agricultural landscape. Many scientific studies have highlighted the services performed by beneficial organisms, which can help to improve the quantity and quality of crops. One tremendously important ecosystem service is biological control of pest insects and mites. The question is what growers can actually do to increase the abundance and diversity of natural enemies and whether this will have an impact on the pest population and, more importantly, on yield and quality of the crop. Another question is whether biodiversity is always positive for growers or whether there are negative aspects that should be dealt with. These relevant questions are addressed in the present report, the aim of which is to enlarge the current knowledge base on how to improve conditions for natural enemies, so-called habitat manipulation, within annual vegetable crops and perennial apple cropping systems. However, our aim was not to conduct a complete review of all available literature, but instead to select studies that may be of particular value for advisors and growers.

We also chose to include the outcomes of a workshop on increasing diversity in apple orchards and interviews with advisors and vegetable growers to investigate the attitude and state of knowledge on habitat manipulation in Sweden today. We focus on natural enemies, arthropod pests and practices applied at field scale, and therefore exclude applications developed for greenhouse crops. Our hope is that advisors and interested growers in particular will find this report relevant and rewarding.

Authors/Creators:Nilsson, Ulf and Porcel, Mario and Swiergiel, Weronika and Wivstad, Maria
Title:Habitat manipulation
Subtitle:as a pest management tool in vegetable and fruit cropping systems, with the focus on insects and mites
Year of publishing :April 2016
Number of Pages:51
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:EPOK – Centre for Organic Food and Farming, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-9402-7
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:H Protection of plants and stored products > H01 Protection of plants - General aspects
H Protection of plants and stored products > H10 Pests of plants
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Horticulture
Agrovoc terms:habitat improvement, ecosysstems, insect control, biodiversity, natural enemies, biological pest control
Keywords:habitatmanipulering, ekosystemtjänster, insektsskydd, biologisk mångfald, naturliga fiender, biologisk kontroll
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3421
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3421
ID Code:13307
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Crop Production Ecology
Deposited By: Janne Nordlund Othén
Deposited On:04 May 2016 11:58
Metadata Last Modified:07 May 2016 06:50

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