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Semantic assessments of experienced biodiversity from photographs and on-site observations - a comparison

Gyllin, Mats and Grahn, Patrik (2015). Semantic assessments of experienced biodiversity from photographs and on-site observations - a comparison. Environment and Natural Resources Research. 5:4, 46-62
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Abstract

Since the 1960’s, public assessments of landscapes have often been carried out using photographic representations. How reliable and valid are these assessments compared with on-site observations? In the present study, participants have been asked to judge different areas in terms of a limited feature: the biodiversity of the area. Digitalized photos from six different study areas were made available on the Internet, along with a questionnaire consisting of a semantic form with specific words/expressions to be rated in relation to the photos (four per area). Participants were recruited via mailing lists and informal contacts. These results were compared with a study in which students and ecologists had rated the same places using the same form, but this time on-site. The Internet participants were also asked to state their profession/education to make comparisons possible. The comparisons revealed differences between on-site and photo-based ratings, but the main difference was expressed by on-site biologists regarding areas with the highest experienced biodiversity values, possibly due to their higher degree of expertise and use of more senses than can be used when judging photographs. Concerning laymen in particular, it is concluded that the comparison between on-site and photo-based ratings is not conclusive enough to allow us to determine whether it is appropriate to use one method as a substitute for the other.

Authors/Creators:Gyllin, Mats and Grahn, Patrik
Title:Semantic assessments of experienced biodiversity from photographs and on-site observations - a comparison
Series/Journal:Environment and Natural Resources Research (1927-0496)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:5
Number:4
Page range:46-62
Number of Pages:17
Publisher:Canadian Center of Science and Education
ISSN:1927-0496
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Landscape Architecture
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Behavioural Sciences Biology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 501 Psychology > Applied Psychology
Keywords:biological diversity, perception, preference, public participation, semantic
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3439
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3439
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.5539/enrr.v5n4p46
ID Code:13310
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Work Science, Business Economics, and Environmental Psychology
External funders:FORMAS
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:18 May 2016 09:08
Metadata Last Modified:20 May 2016 03:19

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