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Enclosures in West Pokot, Kenya: Transforming land, livestock and livelihoods in drylands

Nyberg, Gert and Öborn, Ingrid and Wredle, Ewa and Grönvall, Antonia and Svanlund, Sara and Malmer, Anders (2015). Enclosures in West Pokot, Kenya: Transforming land, livestock and livelihoods in drylands. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice. 5, 1-12
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Abstract

Dryland livestock production systems are changing in many parts of the world, as a result of growing human populations and associated pressure on water and land. Based on a combination of social and natural science methods, we studied a 30-year transformation process from pastoralism to a livestock-based agro-pastoral system in northwestern Kenya, with the overall aim to increase the understanding of the ongoing transition towards intensified agro-pastoralist production systems in dryland East Africa. Key to this transformation was the use of enclosures for land rehabilitation, fodder production, and land and livestock management. Enclosures have more soil carbon and a higher vegetation cover than adjacent areas with open grazing. The level of adoption of enclosures as a management tool has been very high, and their use has enabled agricultural diversification, e.g. increased crop agriculture, poultry production and the inclusion of improved livestock. Following the use of enclosures, livelihoods have become less dependent on livestock migration, are increasingly directed towards agribusinesses and present new opportunities and constraints for women. These livelihood changes are closely associated with, and depend on, an ongoing privatization of land under different tenure regimes. The results indicate that the observed transformation provides opportunities for a pathway towards a sustainable livestock-based agro-pastoral system that could be valid in many dryland areas in East Africa. However, we also show that emergent risks of conflicts and inequalities in relation to land, triggered by the weakening of collective property rights, pose a threat to the sustainability of this pathway.

Authors/Creators:Nyberg, Gert and Öborn, Ingrid and Wredle, Ewa and Grönvall, Antonia and Svanlund, Sara and Malmer, Anders
Title:Enclosures in West Pokot, Kenya: Transforming land, livestock and livelihoods in drylands
Series/Journal:Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice (2041-7136)
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:5
Page range:1-12
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2041-7136
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Keywords:livestock, pastoralism, land use
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3444
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3444
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1186/s13570-015-0044-7
ID Code:13335
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Crop Production Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:18 May 2016 09:05
Metadata Last Modified:20 May 2016 03:21

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