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Essays on economic policy on food consumption

environmental taxes, distribution and health

Säll, Sarah (2016). Essays on economic policy on food consumption. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2016:62
ISBN 978-91-576-8626-8
eISBN 978-91-576-8627-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis consists of four papers investigating the use of taxes on food consumption. The aim is providing policy information concerning what to eat from an environmental and health perspective. In Paper I the environmental damage costs of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and nutrient loads into the Baltic Sea from Swedish production of meat and dairy products are calculated. Costs are introduced as consumption taxes followed by estimations on the response in consumer demand and possible pollutant reduction levels. In Paper II, the distributional effects of the tax levels on Swedish produced meat, found in Paper I, are calculated for Swedish households. The incidence of taxes is calculated as the willingness to accept as compensation for taxes to be introduced, related to the households' total income and expenditure levels. The horizon is broadened in Paper III where consumption taxes on meat and dairy products in the whole of EU 27 are investigated. Three tax levels are introduced and by the use of the CAPRI model, changes in demand, supply, GHG emissions and welfare effects are estimated. In the last paper, Paper IV, most food commodities consumed in Sweden are included in a system of demand elasticities. The aim is to construct an economic incentive scheme to encourage the Swedish population to consume less meat and dairy products and increase consumption of fruit and vegetables. Reaching these consumption targets would not only reduce emission levels as was investigated in Paper I, but also improve public health. In Papers I, II and IV Marshallian, Hicksian and Income elasticities were estimated using the AIDS model. The overall results show that demand of food is in general inelastic, which implies that taxes have limited effects on demand and on pollutant levels.

Authors/Creators:Säll, Sarah
Title:Essays on economic policy on food consumption
Subtitle:environmental taxes, distribution and health
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :May 2016
Depositing date:13 May 2016
Volume:2016:62
Number of Pages:32
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ISäll,S., Gren, I-M. (2015) Effects of an environmental tax on meat and dairy consumption in Sweden. Food Policy 55, 41-53.
IISäll, S. Distributional effects of environmental meat taxes in Sweden- Can the poor still eat meat? (manuscript).
IIIJansson, T., Säll, S. Environmental consumption taxes on animal food products to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from the European Union (manuscript).
IVSäll, S. Health and Environment combined in Sweden- The cost of following dietary recommendations and reducing GHG emissions from food (manuscript).
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8626-8
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8627-5
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E10 Agricultural economics and policies
Q Food science > Q01 Food science and technology
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Agrovoc terms:environmental policies, climate change, taxes, meat, dairy products, food intake, nutrient intake, households, health, eutrophication, greenhouse gases, supply balance, models, european union, sweden
Keywords:Environmental Taxes, Climate Change, Eutrophication, Meat and Dairy consumption, Distribution, Eating Healthy
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3430
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3430
ID Code:13366
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: Ms Sarah Säll
Deposited On:16 May 2016 06:46
Metadata Last Modified:16 May 2016 06:46

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