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Plant breeding for organic agriculture: something new?

Crespo-Herrera, Leonardo Abdiel and Ortiz Rios, Rodomiro Octavio (2015). Plant breeding for organic agriculture: something new? Agriculture & Food Security. 4:25, 1-7
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Abstract

The role of both organic (OF) and conventional (CF) farming remains open to debate particularly when related to food security and climate change. Targeting plant breeding for OF can contribute to reduce its yield gaps vis-à-vis CF. Currently, the cultivars produced for CF are also used in OF, however, it is unreasonable that all lines bred for CF will always perform well in OF. Nonetheless, plant breeding goals for OF and CF converge at aiming for high productivity, host plant resistance or tolerance to biotic and abiotic factors, and high resource-use efficiency. Likewise end-use quality and local adaptation may be more important for OF as the resource recycling and quality of the inputs that are used vary from region to region, even though OF practices are highly regulated. This article provides an overview on organic plant breeding (OPB) with a perspective from conventional plant breeding, highlights the main traits, their source of variation, and what methods and tools are available for their breeding. It concludes listing some organic crop breeding achievements and providing an outlook on what needs to be done for OPB.

Authors/Creators:Crespo-Herrera, Leonardo Abdiel and Ortiz Rios, Rodomiro Octavio
Title:Plant breeding for organic agriculture: something new?
Series/Journal:Agriculture & Food Security (2048-7010)
Year of publishing :2015
Depositing date:3 June 2016
Volume:4
Number:25
Page range:1-7
Number of Pages:7
Publisher:Biomed Central
ISSN:2048-7010
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F30 Plant genetics and breeding
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Horticulture
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 404 Agricultural Biotechnology > Genetics and Breeding
Agrovoc terms:organic agriculture, plant breeding, conventional farming
Keywords:Conventional agriculture, Conventional breeding, Organic agriculture, Organic plant breeding
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3471
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3471
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1186/s40066-015-0045-1
ID Code:13404
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Breeding (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:03 Jun 2016 13:27
Metadata Last Modified:03 Jun 2016 13:27

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