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Stewardship towards responsible management of pesticides

the case of Ethiopian agriculture

Amera Sahilu, Tadesse (2016). Stewardship towards responsible management of pesticides. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2016:87
ISBN 978-91-576-8676-3
eISBN 978-91-576-8677-0
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis examines pesticide use, practice and associated human health and environmental impacts in the Ethiopian Rift Valley. It uses participatory action research as a philosophy and methodology in order to understand the Ethiopian pesticide delivery system so as to bridge the gap amongst the main actors and create a space for dialogue. The pesticide delivery system in Ethiopia comprises policy makers, researchers, pesticide manufacturers, wholesalers, vendors, civil societies and farmers. These actors with divergent interests had been working in a dispersed manner with no concerted effort to mitigate the problem. Stewardship as a moral obligation to mitigate the problem was, therefore, introduced to the actors. The aim was to bring these actors together so as to initiate a system-wide pesticide users’ stewardship network that shared a sense of responsibility at all levels to bring about an ethic of reduced and responsible use of pesticides. This was first initiated by establishing a national (meta) level multiactor pesticide stewardship association which later triggered a regional (meso) level pesticide risk communication and local (micro) level action-oriented alternative pest management experimentation through farmer field schools. Combined methods of qualitative and quantitative data collection were used to explore the processes at all levels. The process revealed that the meta level network was viewed by all actors as a platform for collaborative learning and collective action driving institutional change at many levels. The meso level showed that even if the pesticide hazards were evident and different types of safe use training was provided, farmers’ risk perception continued to be low while associated hazards remained high. This was, therefore, attributed to lack of proper risk communication, which requires reframing of the approach that promotes pesticides only as a means for agriculture productivity but gives less attention to their negative impacts. The micro level showed the field-based action as a means of participatory knowledge co-production, which has been contributing to transformation towards the overarching goal of pesticide users’ stewardship. This process faced multilevel communicative, systemic, organizational and societal barriers that challenged the federal level initiative but has been well managed by the local level action, which has been a lesson for federal level actors.

Authors/Creators:Amera Sahilu, Tadesse
Title:Stewardship towards responsible management of pesticides
Subtitle:the case of Ethiopian agriculture
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :August 2016
Depositing date:18 August 2016
Volume:2016:87
Number of Pages:183
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ITADESSE AMERA, 2016. Pesticide risk perception among farmers in the Ethiopian Rift Valley and challenges for effective risk communication. Submitted to Njas Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences.
IITADESSE AMERA & NADARAJAH SRISKANDARAJAH, 2016. Innovation platforms for institutional change: the case of Pesticide Stewardship Network in the Ethiopian Rift Valley, in Aenis, T., Knierim, A., Riecher, M.-C., Ridder, R., Schobert, H. & Fischer, H. (Eds.) Farming Systems Facing Global Challenges: Capacities and Strategies Vol. 1, Proceedings of the 11th European IFSA Symposium, 1-4 April 2014 in Berlin, Germany, 337-349.
IIITADESSE AMERA, ROBERT MENSAH & ATALO BELAY, 2016. IPM in cotton crops in the Southern Rift Valley region of Ethiopia: Development and application of a supplementary food spray product to manage pests and beneficial insects. Under Review with International Journal of Pest Management.
IVTADESSE AMERA & NADARAJAH SRISKANDARAJAH, 2016. Farmer Field Schools as a means of System-wide pesticide stewardship: the case of smallholder cotton farmers in the Ethiopian Rift Valley. Manuscript.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8676-3
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8677-0
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:C Education, extension, and advisory work > C20 Extension
H Protection of plants and stored products > H01 Protection of plants - General aspects
T Pollution > T10 Occupational diseases and hazards
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Agricultural Occupational Health and Safety
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Agrovoc terms:environment, integrated pest management, health hazards, risk assassment, pesticides, education, ethiopia
Keywords:environment, Ethiopia, FFS, Human health, IPM, pesticides, risk, stewardship
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3612
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3612
ID Code:13580
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: Informatör Anni Hoffrén
Deposited On:19 Aug 2016 12:34
Metadata Last Modified:30 Nov 2016 23:54

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