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A field test of all-weather surfaces for horse paddocks

Von Wachenfelt, Hans (2016). A field test of all-weather surfaces for horse paddocks. Journal of Food Science and Engineering. 6:6, 197-211
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Abstract

Abstract: This field study sought to determine the all-weather surface construction providing the least contaminated runoff and drainage effluent when exposed to moderate to heavy precipitation and different manure loads in horse paddocks during wintertime. Two different combinations of non-woven and woven geotextile together with two gravel fractions of 200 mm were exposed to precipitation and horse manure/urine for two years under two manure regimes (manure removal and manure accumulation). In a simulated rainfall (SR) study, the test areas were also exposed to 50 mm precipitation for 30 min and 15 kg of horse manure under the two manure regimes. Runoff, drainage effluent and leachate flow were measured and sampled for both regimes. The geotextile-gravel construction reduced runoff and drained the test area throughout the two-year period, confirming construction stability and a dry walking surface area at a mean drain flow of 3.65 L m-2 h-1. The concentrations of total N, total phosphorus (TP), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total solids (TS) in fluids leaving the test areas in winter were lower than in previous studies, due to lower horse density. The mean drainage concentration of TP, COD and TS was 3.4, 231, 739 mg L-1, respectively, due to manure removal in the SR study. The TP (1.9 mg L-1) concentration in drain fluids was reduced by 47% in the test area consisting of a single geotextile compared with previously reported values (3.6 mg L-1). With the paddock designs tested here, non-point pollution from paddocks could be controlled and reduced.

Authors/Creators:Von Wachenfelt, Hans
Title:A field test of all-weather surfaces for horse paddocks
Series/Journal:Journal of Food Science and Engineering (2159-5828)
Year of publishing :2016
Depositing date:23 August 2016
Volume:6
Number:6
Page range:197-211
Number of Pages:15
Publisher:David Publishing Co.
ISSN:2159-5828
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L01 Animal husbandry
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Agrovoc terms:geotextiles, horses, excreta, runoff, leachate, paddocks, animal husbandry equipment
Keywords:Geotextile, Horse, Manure, Runoff, Drain, Leachate
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3624
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3624
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.17265/2159-5828/2016.04.002
ID Code:13587
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
(VH) > Department of Biosystems and Technology (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:23 Aug 2016 12:52
Metadata Last Modified:23 Aug 2016 12:53

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