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Ultrastructural characterization (morphological and topochemical) of wood pulp fibres

effects of mechanical and kraft processes

Fernando, Dinesh (2007). Ultrastructural characterization (morphological and topochemical) of wood pulp fibres. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2007:39
ISBN 978-91-576-7338-1
[Doctoral thesis]

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Different electron microscopy techniques including SEM (scanning electron microscopy), FE-SEM (field emission-scanning electron microscopy), TEM (transmission electron microscopy) and Immuno-gold TEM (immuno-gold transmission electron microscopy) were applied in order to gain a better understanding of the influence of the native softwood fibre cell wall ultrastructure including morphology and topochemistry (i.e. lignin and glucomannan distribution) during mechanical pulping. In thermomechanical pulp (TMP) processing, wood fibres undergo structural changes (cell wall delamination and fibrillation) that are regulated by the native fibre micro- and ultrastructure. In addition, novel information was obtained on the fibre cell wall architecture. In contrast, the stoneground wood (SGW) process inflicted severe damage to the fibre structure resulting in transverse and longitudinal fibre breakage. However, juvenile wood SGW fibres showed improved properties (strength and light scattering) compared to mature wood. Ultrastructural aspects of fibre processing and development explained the differences in physical properties observed. During the SGW process, the native morphological fibre cell wall ultrastructure and microfibrillar organization governed the manner of juvenile wood fibre development similar to TMP fibres. Ultrastructural studies on Norway spruce and Scots pine TMPs revealed fundamental features that governed the different behaviour exhibited by the two wood species. Specific ultrastructural characteristics of pine TMP fibre cell walls were explored in relation to both morphology and topochemistry and that regulating the different pine fibre development mechanisms compared to spruce. The negative behaviour shown by Scots pine during TMP processing was most likely attributable to the observed fibre development mechanism. Histochemical techniques were applied to study wood resin associated problems during mechanical and kraft pulping. Studies provided information on the spatial micro-morphological distribution/redistribution of lipophilic extractives that were visualized on single fibre and cell wall fractions. Results from histochemical staining and chemical analysis performed on Norway spruce and Scots pine TMPs showed that there were morphological and chemical differences in the redistribution of extractives between the two species. This may further contribute to the effects of extractives on pulp- and paper properties and processing. Localization of lipophilic birch wood extractives involved in pitch problems was performed using histochemical techniques. Correlated information from gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and specific staining methods gave details on how extractives are removed during processing as well as information on the mechanisms of removal.

Authors/Creators:Fernando, Dinesh
Title:Ultrastructural characterization (morphological and topochemical) of wood pulp fibres
Subtitle:effects of mechanical and kraft processes
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :April 2007
Number of Pages:56
ALLI. Fernando, D. and Daniel, G. (2004) Micro-morphological observations on spruce TMP fibre fractions with emphasis on fibre cell wall fibrillation and splitting. Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal. 19:3, 278-285. II. Fernando, D., Rosenberg, P., Persson, E. and Daniel, G. (2007) Ultrastructural aspects of fibre development during SGW process; A key to insights into pulp property development. Submitted to Holzforschung. III. Fernando, D. and Daniel, G. Exploring pine fibre development mechanisms during TMP processing; Impact of cell wall ultrastructure (morphological and topochemical) on negative behaviour (Manuscript). IV. Fernando, D., Hafrén, J., Gustafsson, J. and Daniel, G. (2007) Micro-morphology and topochemistry of extractives in pine and spruce TMP; Cytochemical and physical property comparisons. Submitted to Journal of Wood Science. V. Fernando, D., Daniel, G. and Lidén, J. (2005) The state and spatial distribution of extractives during birch kraft pulping, as evaluated by staining techniques. Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal. 20:4, 383-391.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7338-1
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:picea abies, pinus sylvestris, mechanical pulp, fibres, cell structure, ultrastructure, hemicellulose, mannans, lignins, microscopy
Keywords:Mechanical pulps, fibrillation, fibre cell wall ultrastructure, hemicellulose, glucomannan, lignin, Picea abies (L.) Karst, Pinus sylvestris L., extractives, cytochemical staining, SEM, FE-SEM, TEM, immuno-EM
Permanent URL:
ID Code:1367
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Products (until 180101)
Deposited By: Dinesh Fernando
Deposited On:05 Apr 2007 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:11

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