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Utjordar och ödegårdar

en studie i retrogressiv metod

Karsvall, Olof (2016). Utjordar och ödegårdar. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2016:92
ISBN 978-91-576-8686-2
eISBN 978-91-576-8687-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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The crisis of the Late Middle Ages is still an ongoing discussion. Desertion of small isolated settlements in woodlands is a well known fact. In villages and hamlets, however, desertion is hidden because holdings were merged (partial desertion). This problem has been discussed extensively, but the extent and character of desertion especially on the plains, remains uncertain.

This thesis focuses on ”uninhabited cadastral units” (literally utjordar) in Sweden. A large amount of plots, both arable and meadow land, were registered as utjordar in the Swedish Crown’s cadastres in the mid-1500s. They also appear on the large-scale maps from the 1600s. At that time many had become divided into smaller parts, but a comparison of the two sources shows that the same plots of land persisted for over a century.

The evidence suggests that they originated from farms that were abandoned during the Late Middle Ages, more precisely vacant and divided holdings. In this thesis about 1 500 of these units are identified and spatially examined, using a retrogressive method, focusing on the origin of such plots or units.

The objects of study are plains and hamlets in east central Sweden. Here, the arable land was divided and strictly regulated by common law (known as solskifte), which had been carried out before the Late Middle Ages. The basic pattern of this medieval field pattern remained in many areas between the 1500s and the 1700s. This explains why late medieval abandoned holdings appear as separated units in later periods. In other parts of Sweden, there are few data on desertion in hamlets, due to less regulation and less control of the land.

In conclusion, the abandonment of farms in Sweden during the Late Middle Ages affected the central plains significantly and more widely than previously known. The retrogressive approach, the inclusion of traces found in later sources, provides a more complete understanding of the changes during the late medieval period.

Authors/Creators:Karsvall, Olof
Title:Utjordar och ödegårdar
Subtitle:en studie i retrogressiv metod
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2016
Depositing date:13 October 2016
Number of Pages:445
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Section of Agrarian History, Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8686-2
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8687-9
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:B Geography and history > B10 Geography
B Geography and history > B50 History
E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E90 Agrarian structure
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economic History
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Human Geography
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Economic Geography
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 6 Humanities > 601 History and Archaeology > History
Agrovoc terms:farmland, abandoned land, farms, ownership, land use, agricultural structure, cadastres, cartography, history, sweden
Keywords:The Crisis of the Late Middle Ages, Utjordar, Deserted farms, Geometrical maps, Cadastres, Retrogressive method
Permanent URL:
ID Code:13711
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
External funders:Stiftelsen Riksarkivarie Ingvar Anderssons fond and Stiftelsen Längmanska kulturfonden
Deposited By: Olof Karsvall
Deposited On:14 Oct 2016 06:12
Metadata Last Modified:10 Sep 2020 13:41

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