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Subsidized Fencing of Livestock as a Means of Increasing Tolerance for Wolves

Karlsson, Jens and Sjöström, Magnus (2011). Subsidized Fencing of Livestock as a Means of Increasing Tolerance for Wolves. Ecology and society. 16:1, 1-10
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Official URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol16/iss1/art16/

Abstract

Studies of how proactive measures to reduce livestock depredation by carnivores affect human tolerance toward carnivores are extremely rare. Nevertheless, substantial amounts of money are spent each year on proactive measures to facilitate large carnivore conservation. The objective of this study was to assess how subsidies for proactive measures to reduce sheep losses to wolves are associated with public attitudes toward wolves. The respondents were 445 people living inside wolf territories in Sweden. Our data set is unique because we combine wolf territory level information regarding proactive subsidies and wolf attacks on dogs and sheep with geographical information of the respondents. Consequently, the respondents can be assigned to a specific wolf territory. The number of wolf attacks on sheep and dogs in the respective territories as well as the number of years that the wolf territory had existed did not affect human attitudes toward wolves. Subsidies for proactive measures to reduce wolf predation on sheep significantly increased positive attitudes toward wolf presence on the local scale. The magnitude of the effect of subsidies for proactive measures was comparable to the effect of other variables well known to affect human attitudes toward wolves such as age or education. Our data show that subsidies not only made the already positive more positive, but also made people with negative attitudes to wolf presence locally, less negative. Our conclusion is, therefore, that subsidies for proactive measures are an effective tool when working with "the human dimension" of conservation biology.

Authors/Creators:Karlsson, Jens and Sjöström, Magnus
Title:Subsidized Fencing of Livestock as a Means of Increasing Tolerance for Wolves
Series/Journal:Ecology and society (1708-3087)
Year of publishing :2011
Volume:16
Number:1
Page range:1-10
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:The Resilience Alliance
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Wildlife Damage Centre
ISSN:1708-3087
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Agrovoc terms:predation, wolves, fencing
Keywords:attitudes, depredation, electric fencing, human dimension, proactive measures, wolves
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3752
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3752
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000289081200030
ID Code:13717
Faculty:NL - Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences (until 2013)
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:01 Nov 2016 07:17
Metadata Last Modified:01 Nov 2016 07:17

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