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Faire mieux que la nature? The History of Eel Restocking in Europe

Dekker, Willem and Beaulaton, Laurent (2016). Faire mieux que la nature? The History of Eel Restocking in Europe. Environment and history. 22:2, 255-300
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Abstract

Young eel, recruiting from the ocean towards Europe, are most abundant along the Atlantic coast of France. Since 1840, attempts have been made to redistribute them from the areas of highest abundance to other countries and farther inland. This 'restocking' has been troubled by technical constraints (e.g. mode of transport and maximum distance eel can be shipped alive), wars (e.g. the Franco Prussian War and World Wars One and Two) and, in recent decades, by shortage of supply due to the general decline of the eel stock all across Europe. Though objectives and procedures have changed considerably over the years, the recurring aim has been to increase production and, in that way, to 'faire mieux que la nature'. We document the historical development of these efforts from their inception, and contrast the achievements to the objectives. Except for the 1952-1990 period in Eastern Europe, restocking has probably added only slightly to the natural production. As successful as restocking might have been locally, it has not markedly changed the overall trends and distribution patterns or halted the general decline of the stock and fishery. Poor post-evaluation, frequent technical innovation and a constant renewal of the countries and people involved have kept the promise of a better future alive for 175 years.

Authors/Creators:Dekker, Willem and Beaulaton, Laurent
Title:Faire mieux que la nature? The History of Eel Restocking in Europe
Series/Journal:Environment and history (1752-7023)
Year of publishing :2016
Volume:22
Number:2
Page range:255-300
Number of Pages:46
Publisher:White Horse Press
ISSN:1752-7023
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 6 Humanities > 601 History and Archaeology > History
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Fish and Aquacultural Science
Agrovoc terms:eels, animal protection, international cooperation
Keywords:Eel, Anguilla, glass eel, bootlace, restocking, stocking, fishery, technical development, natural resources, international cooperation, development and protection, enhancement and recovery
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3799
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3799
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000374914600005
DOI10.3197/096734016X14574329314407
ID Code:13741
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Aquatic Resources
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:22 Nov 2016 12:07
Metadata Last Modified:22 Nov 2016 12:07

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