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Common cranes in agricultural landscapes

linking space use and foraging patterns to conservation and damage prevention

Nilsson, Lovisa (2016). Common cranes in agricultural landscapes. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2016:123
ISBN 978-91-576-8749-4
eISBN 978-91-576-8750-0
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Many populations of migratory cranes, geese and swans are increasing throughout Europe and North America. During migration, these birds congregate at staging sites, often located in landscapes with both wetlands and arable land. When foraging on newly sown or unharvested crops at staging sites they frequently cause harvest losses and thus conflicts between conservation and agricultural interests.

The aim of this thesis was to increase the knowledge about space use and foraging site selection of common cranes. Such knowledge is needed to guide management where and when crop damage might occur, and what damage preventive measures to implement under variable environmental conditions.

My studies are based on flock surveys and data derived from GPS transmitters in combination with field surveys of food availability and crop stages. I found that the Natura 2000 network fulfils its conservation intention for staging cranes along the flyway, but also that cranes spill over from Natura 2000 sites to surrounding arable land. This spillover may enhance the conflict between conservation of cranes and other bird species within Natura 2000 sites and agriculture. My studies further demonstrated that field selection by cranes was influenced by factors dependent on agricultural practices such as crop type, crop stage, time since harvest, food availability, but also human disturbance and distance to roost site. I further revealed an apparent mismatch between individual crane space use and current damage preventive management. To conclude, stubble fields with high availability of spilled grain close to the roost sites have the potential to steer cranes from unharvested crops and prevent crop damage. To mitigate conflicts between conservation and agriculture, ecological knowledge is needed, but also participatory involvement of stakeholders and international collaboration, such as a flyway management plan.

Authors/Creators:Nilsson, Lovisa
Title:Common cranes in agricultural landscapes
Subtitle:linking space use and foraging patterns to conservation and damage prevention
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :2016
Depositing date:15 November 2016
Volume:2016:123
Number of Pages:85
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
INilsson, Bunnefeld, Persson, & Månsson (2016). Large grazing birds and agriculture - predicting field use of common cranes and implications for crop damage prevention. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 219, 163-170.
IINilsson, Persson, Bunnefeld & Månsson. Central place foraging under disturbance risk - how do common cranes select arable foraging sites? (manuscript)
IIINilsson, Aronsson, Persson & Månsson. Drifting space use of common cranes - is there a spatial mismatch between ecology and management? (manuscript)
IVNilsson, Bunnefeld, Persson, Zydelis & Månsson. The Natura 2000 network- both a conservation success and a source of conflict. (manuscript)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8749-4
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8750-0
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Additional Information:Thanks to the financiers of this thesis; The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, the foundations of Marie Claire Cronstedt and C.F. Lundström. The solar cell transmitters were also part of the Environmental Impact Assessment study for Kriegers Flak offshore wind farm funded by Energinet.dk.
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L20 Animal ecology
P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Zoology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Fish and Wildlife Management
Agrovoc terms:birds, foraging, agricultural landscape, site factors, crop losses, agricultural practices, surveys, sweden
Keywords:Anser, Branta, crop protection, Cygnus, Grus grus, human-wildlife conflict, Natura 2000, protected area, site-fidelity
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3788
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3788
ID Code:13850
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
External funders:C. F. Lundströms stiftelse and Energinet.dk and Marie-Claire Cronstedts stiftelse and Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Deposited By: Lovisa Nilsson
Deposited On:16 Nov 2016 10:36
Metadata Last Modified:16 Nov 2016 12:59

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