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Functionality of wet grasslands as green infrastructure

waders, avian predators and land covers in Northern Europe

Manton, Michael (2016). Functionality of wet grasslands as green infrastructure. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Skinnskatteberg : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2016:119
ISBN 978-91-576-8741-8
eISBN 978-91-576-8742-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Habitat loss is a global issue that affects land cover patterns, ecological processes and the distribution and abundance of species. As a result, many conservation approaches have appeared, such as the European Union’s green infrastructure (GI) policy and UNESCO’s Biosphere Reserve (BR) concept. Both are being applied in southern Sweden’s Kristianstad Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve (KVBR). Despite concentrated conservation efforts at a local scale to conserve biodiversity, focal grasslands and waders have declined. This calls for the assessment of outputs within the KVBR in terms of both knowledge production and its dissemination, as well as the consequences of management on the ground (Paper I). Focusing on supporting the KVBRs’ work and wader conservation in general, this thesis studied how anthropogenic factors affect the land cover patterns and processes of wet grasslands for waders. Over the past two centuries land use and land cover change have reduced the KVBR’s area of functional grassland habitat by >98% (Paper II). Whilst loss and degradation of wet grassland habitats is considered a primary reason of wader decline in Europe, predator–prey relationships have been proposed as a secondary reason. Using several wet grassland landscapes across Northern Europe, predator-prey relationships were explored (Paper III, IV & V). Firstly, the distribution and abundance of avian predators is determined by resource diversity and anthropogenic factors of a landscape at multiple spatial scales. Secondly, predator abundance and predation pressure were positively correlated, and linked to different wet grassland developmental stages in Northern Europe. Thus, based on the studies contained in this thesis, changes to both land cover patterns and ecological processes play a vital role for the maintenance of wet grasslands as functional GI. Finally, the multiple landscape case study approach employed in this thesis is a novel macroecological tool that encourages knowledge production and learning for functional GI.

Authors/Creators:Manton, Michael
Title:Functionality of wet grasslands as green infrastructure
Subtitle:waders, avian predators and land covers in Northern Europe
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :19 November 2016
Depositing date:22 November 2016
Volume:2016:119
Number of Pages:39
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
IManton, M. and Angelstam P. How do landscape approach initiatives’ learn for conservation and use of biodiversity? - a review of research portfolios in the Kristianstad Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve. Submitted.
IIManton, M. and Angelstam P. Two centuries of loss, alteration, and fragmentation of grasslands in Southern Sweden’s Kristianstad Vattenrike landscapes. Submitted.
IIIManton, M., Angelstam, P., Milberg, P. and Elbakidze, M. 2016. Wet grasslands as a green infrastructure for ecological sustainability: Wader conservation in Southern Sweden as a case study. Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 340; doi:10.3390/su8040340
IVManton, M., Angelstam P. and Naumov, V. Green infrastructure is more than land cover: anthropogenic factors affecting the abundance of generalist and specialist avian predators. Submitted.
VManton, M. and Angelstam P. Avian predator abundance and predation pressure on waders in European wet grasslands: a macroecological comparison. Submitted.
Place of Publication:Skinnskatteberg
Publisher:School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Euroscapes
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8741-8
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8742-5
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Agrovoc terms:grasslands, habitats, birds, charadriiformes, wetlands, land cover, biodiversity, predator prey relations, nature conservation, policies, sustainability, sweden, europe
Keywords:Landscape approach initatives, Kristianstad Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve, Macroecology, Pattern, Process, Ecological sustainability, Conservation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3805
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3805
ID Code:13852
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > School for Forest Management
External funders:FORMAS
Deposited By: Michael Manton
Deposited On:22 Nov 2016 14:07
Metadata Last Modified:22 Nov 2016 14:07

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