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National parks in northern Sweden as refuges for illegal killing of large carnivores

Rauset, Geir Rune and Andren, Henrik and Swenson, Jon E. and Samelius, Gustaf and Segerström, Peter and Zedrosser, Andreas and Persson, Jens (2016). National parks in northern Sweden as refuges for illegal killing of large carnivores. Conservation Letters. 9:5, 334-341
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/conl.12226

Abstract

Large protected areas are often considered to be as important as population size in reducing extinction risk for large carnivores. However, the effectiveness of protected areas for large carnivore survival has rarely been tested where surrounding areas also provide suitable habitats. Using individual-based long-term data, we here show that three species of  large carnivores all suffered higher risk of illegal killing inside three large national parks than in surrounding unprotected areas in northern Sweden. We suggest that this illegal killing is the result of low enforcement and public presence in these remote parks, which results in a  low probability for poachers to be discovered. Our results demonstrate that size of  protected areas alone may be a poor predictor of their conservation value for large carnivores. We warn against passive national park management, and advocate considering 52 the ecological and socio-economic context present inside as well as outside protected areas.

Authors/Creators:Rauset, Geir Rune and Andren, Henrik and Swenson, Jon E. and Samelius, Gustaf and Segerström, Peter and Zedrosser, Andreas and Persson, Jens
Title:National parks in northern Sweden as refuges for illegal killing of large carnivores
Series/Journal:Conservation Letters (1755-263X)
Year of publishing :2016
Volume:9
Number:5
Page range:334-341
Number of Pages:8
Publisher:Wiley Periodicals Inc.
ISSN:1755-263X
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Zoology
Keywords:management, conservation, wolverine, brown bear, lynx, poaching
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3870
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-3870
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000386354300004
ID Code:13912
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:09 Jan 2017 09:07
Metadata Last Modified:09 Jan 2017 09:07

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