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Vulnerability assessments of pesticide leaching to groundwater

Stenemo, Fredrik (2007). Vulnerability assessments of pesticide leaching to groundwater. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2007:57
ISBN 978-91-576-7356-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Pesticides may have adverse environmental effects if they are transported to groundwater and surface waters. The vulnerability of water resources to contamination of pesticides must therefore be evaluated. Different stakeholders, with different objectives and requirements, are interested in such vulnerability assessments. Various assessment methods have been developed in the past. For example, the vulnerability of groundwater to pesticide leaching may be evaluated by indices and overlay-based methods, by statistical analyses of monitoring data, or by using process-based models of pesticide fate. No single tool or methodology is likely to be appropriate for all end-users and stakeholders, since their suitability depends on the available data and the specific goals of the assessment. The overall purpose of this thesis was to develop tools, based on different process-based models of pesticide leaching that may be used in groundwater vulnerability assessments. Four different tools have been developed for end-users with varying goals and interests: (i) a tool based on the attenuation factor implemented in a GIS, where vulnerability maps are generated for the islands of Hawaii (U.S.A.), (ii) a simulation tool based on the MACRO model developed to support decision-makers at local authorities to assess potential risks of leaching of pesticides to groundwater following normal usage in drinking water abstraction districts, (iii) linked models of the soil root zone and groundwater to investigate leaching of the pesticide mecoprop to shallow and deep groundwater in fractured till, and (iv) a meta-model of the pesticide fate model MACRO developed for 'worst-case' groundwater vulnerability assessments in southern Sweden. The strengths and weaknesses of the different approaches are discussed.

Authors/Creators:Stenemo, Fredrik
Title:Vulnerability assessments of pesticide leaching to groundwater
Year of publishing :2007
Volume:2007:57
Number of Pages:39
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Stenemo, F., Ray, C., Yost, R. and Matsuda, S., 2007. A screening tool for vulnerability assessment of pesticide leaching to groundwater for the islands of Hawaii, U.S.A. Pest Management Science, 63: 404-411. II. Stenemo, F. and Jarvis, N. 2007. Accounting for uncertainty in pedotransfer functions in vulnerability assessments of pesticide leaching to groundwater. Pest Management Science. In press. III. Stenemo, F., Jørgensen, P.R. and Jarvis, N., 2005. Linking a one-dimensional pesticide fate model to a three-dimensional groundwater model to simulate pollution risks of shallow and deep groundwater underlying fractured till. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 79: 89-106. IV. Stenemo, F., Lindahl, A.M.L., Gärdenäs, A. and Jarvis, N., 2007. Meta-modeling of the pesticide fate model MACRO for groundwater exposure assessments using artificial neural networks. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. In press.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7356-5
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:groundwater, pesticides, leaching, groundwater pollution, environmental impact assessment, risk, simulation, models
Keywords:groundwater, vulnerability, pesticide, leaching, modelling
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-1570
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-1570
ID Code:1408
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil Sciences
Deposited By: Fredrik Stenemo
Deposited On:27 Apr 2007 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:11

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