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Low-grade heat recycling for system synergies between waste heat and food production, a case study at the European Spallation Source

Parker, Thomas and Kiessling, Anders (2016). Low-grade heat recycling for system synergies between waste heat and food production, a case study at the European Spallation Source. Energy science & engineering. 4:2, 153-165
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ese3.113

Abstract

At present food production depends almost exclusively on direct use of stored energy sources, may perhaps they be nuclear-, petroleum-, or biobased. Arable land, artificial fertilizers, and fresh water resources are the base for our present food systems, but are limited. At the same time, energy resources in the form of waste heat are available in ample quantities. The European Spallation Source (ESS) will require approximately 270 GWh of power per year to operate, power that ultimately is converted to heat. This multidisciplinary case study details an alternative food production cooling chain, using low-grade surplus heat, and involving fermentation, aquaculture, nutrient recapture, and greenhouse horticulture including both use of low-grade surplus heat and recycling of society's organic waste that is converted to animal feed and fertilizer. The study indicates that by combining the use of surplus energy with harvest of society's organic side flows, for example, food waste and aquatic-based cash crops, sustainable food systems are possible at a level of significance also for global food security. The effects of the proposed heat reuse model are discussed in a system perspective and in the context of the UNSCD indicator framework. The potential sustainability benefits of such an effort are shown to be substantial and multifaceted.

Authors/Creators:Parker, Thomas and Kiessling, Anders
Title:Low-grade heat recycling for system synergies between waste heat and food production, a case study at the European Spallation Source
Series/Journal:Energy science & engineering (2050-0505)
Year of publishing :2016
Volume:4
Number:2
Page range:153-165
Number of Pages:13
Publisher:The Society of Chemical Industry, John Wiley & Sons Ltd
ISSN:2050-0505
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Zoology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 2 Engineering and Technology > 209 Industrial Biotechnology > Bioenergy
Agrovoc terms:aquaculture, waste heat
Keywords:agriculture, aquaculture, cooling, horticulture, temperature, waste heat
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4089
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4089
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000374441700004
DOIUNSPECIFIED
ID Code:14176
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:10 Apr 2017 06:54
Metadata Last Modified:10 Apr 2017 06:54

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