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Consequential costs of sheep depredation by large carnivores in Sweden

Widman, Marit and Steen, Margareta and Elofsson, Katarina (2017). Consequential costs of sheep depredation by large carnivores in Sweden. Uppsala: (NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Working paper series / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics ; 2017:2
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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to investigate consequential costs of livestock depredation by large carnivores. We estimate costs for productivity losses and additional labor using Swedish survey data on sheep farmers. Impacts on productivity and labor are identified through a comparison of sheep farmers in areas with low and high carnivore densities, farmers that have suffered attacks, and summer pasture farmers that have and have not suffered attacks, respectively. Results indicate that sheep herds in areas with high densities of carnivores and in herds that have experienced carnivore attacks have lower reproductive rates than do herds in areas with low densities of carnivores. Farmers who have experienced a carnivore attack on their livestock spend extra labor on fence maintenance, searching for lost animals, and bringing the animals in for the night. The use of enforced so-called carnivore fences has a significant impact on time spent on fence maintenance and on searching for lost animals. Finally, results show that costs for farmers that have experienced an attack differ between farms that keep the sheep within fences, and summer pasture farms that apply free-range grazing. Results from the study can motivate the use of a flat rate compensation per ewe in the herd, which is differentiated between farms in areas with high carnivore densities and conventional and summer pasture farms that have suffered an attack.

Authors/Creators:Widman, Marit and Steen, Margareta and Elofsson, Katarina
Title:Consequential costs of sheep depredation by large carnivores in Sweden
Series/Journal:Working paper series / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics (1401-4068)
Year of publishing :2017
Number:2017:2
Number of Pages:31
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISSN:1401-4068
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Article category:Other scientific
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:X Agricola extesions > X70 Economics and management
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Agrovoc terms:sheep, wolves, lynxes, ursidae, wild animals, carnivora, domestic animals, damage, costs, compensation, sweden
Keywords:Brown bear, Lynx, Sheep, Wildlife compensation, Wolf, Indirect costs
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4039
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4039
ID Code:14178
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:27 Mar 2017 14:35
Metadata Last Modified:28 Mar 2017 05:48

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