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Replacing monocultures with mixed-species stands: Ecosystem service implications of two production forest alternatives in Sweden

Felton, Adam and Nilsson, Urban and Sonesson, Johan and Felton, Annika and Roberge, Jean-Michel and Ranius, Thomas and Ahlström, Martin and Bergh, Johan and Björkman, Christer and Boberg, Johanna and Drössler, Lars and Fahlvik, Nils and Gong, Peichen and Holmström, Emma and Keskitalo, Carina and Klapwijk, Maartje and Laudon, Hjalmar and Lundmark, Tomas and Niklasson, Mats and Nordin, Annika and Pettersson, Maria and Stenlid, Jan and Sténs, Anna and Wallertz, Kristina (2016). Replacing monocultures with mixed-species stands: Ecosystem service implications of two production forest alternatives in Sweden. Ambio. 45:Suppl 2, S124-S139
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-015-0749-2

Abstract

Whereas there is evidence that mixed-species approaches to production forestry in general can provide positive outcomes relative to monocultures, it is less clear to what extent multiple benefits can be derived from specific mixed-species alternatives. To provide such insights requires evaluations of an encompassing suite of ecosystem services, biodiversity, and forest management considerations provided by specific mixtures and monocultures within a region. Here, we conduct such an assessment in Sweden by contrasting even-aged Norway spruce (Picea abies)-dominated stands, with mixed-species stands of spruce and birch (Betula pendula or B. pubescens), or spruce and Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris). By synthesizing the available evidence, we identify positive outcomes from mixtures including increased biodiversity, water quality, esthetic and recreational values, as well as reduced stand vulnerability to pest and pathogen damage. However, some uncertainties and risks were projected to increase, highlighting the importance of conducting comprehensive interdisciplinary evaluations when assessing the pros and cons of mixtures.

Authors/Creators:Felton, Adam and Nilsson, Urban and Sonesson, Johan and Felton, Annika and Roberge, Jean-Michel and Ranius, Thomas and Ahlström, Martin and Bergh, Johan and Björkman, Christer and Boberg, Johanna and Drössler, Lars and Fahlvik, Nils and Gong, Peichen and Holmström, Emma and Keskitalo, Carina and Klapwijk, Maartje and Laudon, Hjalmar and Lundmark, Tomas and Niklasson, Mats and Nordin, Annika and Pettersson, Maria and Stenlid, Jan and Sténs, Anna and Wallertz, Kristina
Title:Replacing monocultures with mixed-species stands: Ecosystem service implications of two production forest alternatives in Sweden
Series/Journal:Ambio (0044-7447)
Year of publishing :2016
Volume:45
Number:Suppl 2
Page range:S124-S139
Number of Pages:16
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0044-7447
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Agrovoc terms:climate change adaption, forestry
Keywords:Climate change adaptation, Ecosystem services, Forestry, Mixed-forest stand, Polyculture, Resilience
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4119
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4119
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000372300000006
DOI10.1007/s13280-015-0749-2
ID Code:14247
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology

(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
(S) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology

(S) > Dept. of Forest Economics
(S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:21 Apr 2017 07:25
Metadata Last Modified:21 Apr 2017 07:25

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