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Policy without politics: technocratic control of climate change adaptation policy making in Nepal

Ojha, Hemant R. and Ghimire, Sharad and Pain, Adam and Nightingale, Andrea and Khatri, Dil and Dhungana, Hari (2016). Policy without politics: technocratic control of climate change adaptation policy making in Nepal. Climate Policy. 16:4, 415-433
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2014.1003775

Abstract

As developing countries around the world formulate policies to address climate change, concerns remain as to whether the voices of those most exposed to climate risk are represented in those policies. Developing countries face significant challenges for contextualizing global-scale scientific research into national political dynamics and downscaling global frameworks to sub-national levels, where the most affected are presumed to live. This article critiques the ways in which the politics of representation and climate science are framed and pursued in the process of climate policy development, and contributes to an understanding of the relative effectiveness of globally framed, generic policy mechanisms in vulnerable and politically volatile contexts. Based on this analysis, it also outlines opportunities for the possibility of improving climate policy processes to contest technocratic framing and generic international adaptation solutions.Policy relevanceNepal's position as one of the countries most at risk from climate change in the Himalayas has spurred significant international support to craft climate policy responses over the past few years. Focusing on the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) and the Climate Change Policy, this article examines the extent to which internationally and scientifically framed climate policy in Nepal recognizes the unfolding political mobilizations around the demand for a representative state and equitable adaptation to climate risks. This is particularly important in Nepal, where political unrest in the post-conflict transition after the end of the civil war in 2006 has focused around struggles over representation for those historically on the political margins. Arguing that vulnerability to climate risk is produced in conjunction with social and political conditions, and that not everyone in the same locality is equally vulnerable, we demonstrate the multi-faceted nature of the politics of representation for climate policy making in Nepal. However, so far, this policy making has primarily been shaped through a technocratic framing that avoids political contestations and downplays the demand for inclusive and deliberative processes. Based on this analysis, we identify the need for a flexible, contextually grounded, and multi-scalar approach to political representation while also emphasizing the need for downscaling climate science that can inform policy development and implementation to achieve fair and effective adaptation to climate change.

Authors/Creators:Ojha, Hemant R. and Ghimire, Sharad and Pain, Adam and Nightingale, Andrea and Khatri, Dil and Dhungana, Hari
Title:Policy without politics: technocratic control of climate change adaptation policy making in Nepal
Series/Journal:Climate Policy (1469-3062)
Year of publishing :2016
Volume:16
Number:4
Page range:415-433
Number of Pages:19
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:SLU - Environmental assessment > Programme Climate
ISSN:1469-3062
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:D Administration and legislation > D10 Public administration
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
Keywords:adaptation, public policy, National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), representation, Nepal
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4137
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4137
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000373905300002
ID Code:14263
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:28 Apr 2017 07:36
Metadata Last Modified:28 Apr 2017 07:36

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