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Managing mountains, past and present conditions for traditional summer farming and Sami reindeer husbandry in northern Scandinavia

Axelsson Linkowski, Weronika (2017). Managing mountains, past and present conditions for traditional summer farming and Sami reindeer husbandry in northern Scandinavia. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2017:80
ISBN 978-91-7760-050-3
eISBN 978-91-7760-051-0
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Traditional land use and conditions for maintenance of biodiversity are often interlinked. When land use changes and ecosystems change as a result, there is a risk to loose both the traditional ecological knowledge and the biodiversity connected to this land use.

This thesis focuses on traditional land use, summer farming and Sami reindeer husbandry, in the mountain areas of northern Scandinavia (mainly Sweden), in a historical and contemporary perspective. The overall aim is to contribute to the understanding of the conditions for the traditional land use in the Scandinavian (mainly Swedish) mountains, using the concepts of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) and a historical-ecological perspective. Both summer farming and reindeer husbandry are under strong external pressure and face large challenges today. Some of these challenges are shared and some differ between the two types of northern pastoralism. Scandinavian summer farmers experience that different views on their land use from different authorities affect them negatively. The increasing populations of large carnivores also worry the summer farmers. Recent depredation rates are in fact of the same level as historically (around 1900). Interviews showed that traditional knowledge about protective measures had eroded during years without carnivores, but also that farming practices have changed recently and that new knowledge developed. Sami plant use has been studied historically, but information about Sami plant management of Angelica archangelica was not documented. We argue that Sami ecological knowledge should be used to ensure sustainable harvest methods. Today traditional reindeer husbandry faces severe problems due to the reduction of winter grazing land by different encroachments, most importantly from modern forestry. The negative effects are even larger since increasingly difficult winter conditions create a need for a wider range of good grazing areas. Traditional knowledge is essential in the herders´ daily work, but the usability of the knowledge is severely constrained by recent changes. In the future planning of an ecologically and socially sustainable mountain management it is necessary to work with traditional land users and integrate their traditional knowledge.

Authors/Creators:Axelsson Linkowski, Weronika
Title:Managing mountains, past and present conditions for traditional summer farming and Sami reindeer husbandry in northern Scandinavia
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :20 September 2017
Depositing date:6 September 2017
Volume:2017:80
Number of Pages:81
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
1Tunón, H., Axelsson Linkowski, W., Kvarnström, M., Bele, B., Norderhaug. A. & J. Wissman. (2013). To view a landscape: reflections upon the governance of Scandinavian transhumance. Baltic World, vol. VI (3-4), pp. 53-60.
2Axelsson Linkowski, W.*, Kvarnström, M., Westin, A., Moen, J. & Östlund, L. Wolf and bear depredation on livestock in northern Sweden 1827–2014: combining history, ecology and interviews. (submitted).
3Rautio, A.-M., Axelsson Linkowski, W.* & Östlund, L. (2016). “They followed the power of the plant”: Historical Sami harvest and traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of Angelica archangelica in northern Fennoscandia. Journal of Ethnobiology, 36(3), pp. 617-636.
4Axelsson Linkowski, W., Fjellström, A.-M., Sandström, C., Westin, A., Östlund, L. & Moen, J. Strategies to handle loss and disturbances of winter pastures: the role of traditional ecological knowledge in Sami reindeer husbandry (manuscript).
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish university of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-7760-050-3
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-7760-051-0
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:B Geography and history > B50 History
L Animal production > L01 Animal husbandry
P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 6 Humanities > 601 History and Archaeology > History
Agrovoc terms:indigenous knowledge, ethnic groups, traditional farming, reindeers, free range husbandry, carnivores, highlands, indigienous land rights, biodiversity
Keywords:traditionell kunskap, Norra skandinavien, fäbodbruk, samisk renskötsel
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4336
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4336
ID Code:14552
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management
Deposited By: weronika axelsson linkowski
Deposited On:07 Sep 2017 07:13
Metadata Last Modified:07 Sep 2017 07:13

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