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Sound in landscape architecture

a soundscape approach to noise

Cerwén, Gunnar (2017). Sound in landscape architecture. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Alnarp : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2017:91
ISBN 978-91-7760-072-5
eISBN 978-91-7760-073-2
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Landscape planning and design involve decisions that have far-reaching effects, positive and negative, on the soundscape. However, landscape architecture and related disciplines have not fully recognised the possibilities of considering sound issues in design projects. This is problematic, considering that sound influences health and wellbeing and is an important factor in environmental experience.

This thesis examines how soundscape thinking can be facilitated in landscape architecture. The work is based on a mixed-method approach and it is practice-orientated in the sense that it studies how landscape architects currently work with sound and how they could work with sound in the future. The soundscape concept is used to emphasise the experiential characteristics of the sonic environment and to discuss the role of sound in landscape architecture, particularly in noise-exposed situations. Applications of soundscape design are raised in several examples, including construction of a design intervention as a reference project involving noise masking.

The understandings obtained are used to formulate a set of strategies and tools for the profession as a soundscape approach to noise, in which problems and possibilities are given consideration to ensure a varied and purposeful environment. A model based on three categories is presented to evaluate and facilitate such a comprehensive approach, where each of the three categories (localisation of functions, reduction of unwanted sounds and introduction of wanted sounds) represents a central consideration that can be taken in landscape architecture.

An extended version of the comprehensive model is also presented. It comprises a list of 23 ‘soundscape actions’, each of which represents a concrete, general strategy that can be adopted to improve soundscapes, particularly focusing on noise-exposed situations. To increase applicability, the soundscape actions were developed in collaboration with professional landscape architects, Master’s students, acousticians, artists and other experts.

The findings are discussed in relation to contemporary challenges in the profession, particularly focusing on the sustainability discourse and covering issues such as green structures, densification and the notion of ‘quiet areas’.

Authors/Creators:Cerwén, Gunnar
Title:Sound in landscape architecture
Subtitle:a soundscape approach to noise
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :28 September 2017
Depositing date:27 September 2017
Volume:2017:91
Number of Pages:115
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ICerwén, G., Pedersen, E. & Pálsdóttir, A-M. (2016). The role of soundscape in nature-based rehabilitation: A patient perspective. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13 (12), 1229.
IICerwén, G., Wingren, C. & Qviström, M. (2017). Evaluating soundscape intentions in landscape architecture: A study of competition entries for a new cemetery in Järva, Stockholm. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 60 (7), 1253-1275.
IIICerwén, G. (2016). Urban soundscapes: A quasi experiment in landscape architecture. Landscape Research 41 (5), 481-494.
IVCerwén, G., Kreutzfeldt, J. & Wingren, C. (2017). Soundscape actions: A tool for noise treatment based on three workshops in landscape architecture. Revised manuscript submitted on September 4th 2017 to Frontiers of Architectural Research.
Place of Publication:Alnarp
Publisher:Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-7760-072-5
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-7760-073-2
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Landscape Architecture
Agrovoc terms:landscaping, design, urban areas, sound, noise, acoustic properties
Keywords:soundscape design, landscape architecture, acoustic environment, noise, informational masking, urban design, quiet areas, sustainable development
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4380
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4380
ID Code:14586
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management (from 130101)
External funders:FORMAS and Swedish Agency for Innovation Systems
Deposited By: Gunnar Cerwén
Deposited On:28 Sep 2017 07:20
Metadata Last Modified:23 Oct 2017 06:33

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