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Whose Discourse Is It Anyway? Understanding Resistance through the Rise of "Barstool Biology" in Nature Conservation

Von Essen, Erica (2017). Whose Discourse Is It Anyway? Understanding Resistance through the Rise of "Barstool Biology" in Nature Conservation. Environmental communication. 11:4, 470-489
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Abstract

This study examines what happens when contentious lay citizens harness the technical-ecological repertoire of experts as means of challenging nature conservation policy. The causes, manifestations, and implications of this phenomenon are elucidated through a critical discourse analysis. The case study is based on the wolf reintroduction project in Europe, with particular focus on Sweden, using illegal hunting discussions as a point of entry within the hunting community. It reveals the deployment of three topoi, which are defined as stock arguments situated within a discourse. Analysis shows how while some topoi often incur short-term gains in the debate because of their scientific guise, they are fundamentally relegated as folk science (or barstool biology) by government experts and, in some cases, contribute to the further marginalization of other knowledges. Acquiescence to this discourse is shown to greatly impede the debate. Finally, the study shows how lack of trust in the public dialog, which hunters openly recognize to be colonized by ecological expertise, results in increasingly noncommunicative forms of resistance toward policy.

Authors/Creators:Von Essen, Erica
Title:Whose Discourse Is It Anyway? Understanding Resistance through the Rise of "Barstool Biology" in Nature Conservation
Series/Journal:Environmental communication (1752-4040)
Year of publishing :2017
Volume:11
Number:4
Page range:470-489
Number of Pages:20
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:SLU - Environmental assessment > Programme Built Environment
SLU - Environmental assessment > Programme Game (until May 2010)
ISSN:1752-4040
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 504 Sociology > Sociology (excluding Social work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 506 Political Science > Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Human Geography
Agrovoc terms:public opinion, hunting, nature conservation
Keywords:resistance, illegal hunting, critical discourse analysis, species reintroduction, counterpublic, topoi
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4484
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4484
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1080/17524032.2015.1042986
Web of Science (WoS)000402623400003
ID Code:14638
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Nov 2017 09:54
Metadata Last Modified:14 Nov 2017 09:54

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