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The lawn as a social and cultural phenomenon in Sweden

Ignatieva, Maria and Eriksson, Fredrik and Eriksson, Tuula and Berg, Per and Hedblom, Marcus (2017). The lawn as a social and cultural phenomenon in Sweden. Urban forestry & urban greening. 21, 213-223
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Abstract

Lawns have a significant influence on the cityscape as one of the essential elements of green spaces and an important part of people's everyday lives. Most people in the Western world view lawns as a compulsory element of the urban landscape, almost an icon, without questioning their social, symbolic, ecological or aesthetic values. This research is a part of the conceptual framework and methodological approaches that are being used in an ongoing transdisciplinary collaboration project to study lawns in Sweden as a social and ecological phenomenon.The overall aim of this study was to investigate social and cultural perceptions of lawns, as well as motives behind decisions about the establishment and management of lawns in Sweden. Two multifamily housing typologies, the 'Million Programme' and People's Homes', were examined due to their dominance in Swedish cities. We also studied how an alternative vision of conventional lawns can be applied and accepted by urban residents. We estimated lawn cover in multi-family housing areas and links to people's perception and use of lawns. Questionnaires, semi-structured interviews and observational studies were used (N = 300). Our results showed that people like lawns even if they do not always directly use them. Lawns cover the most significant amount of outdoor spaces in all multi-family residential areas and accompany people everywhere from the house to the schoolyard or park. The total lawn cover in the study areas was 27.8%. Lawns were particularly valued as important places for different outdoor activities (playing, resting, picnicking, walking, socialising) and enjoying the green colour. However people do not want to use a vast monotonous lawn, but a variety of spaces that provide good conditions for different senses (sound, smell, touch and sight) and activities. Alternative lawns were also appreciated by many citizens, politicians, planners and managers. The implementation of new types of lawns requires special planning and design solutions adjusted for each particular neighbourhood.

Authors/Creators:Ignatieva, Maria and Eriksson, Fredrik and Eriksson, Tuula and Berg, Per and Hedblom, Marcus
Title:The lawn as a social and cultural phenomenon in Sweden
Series/Journal:Urban forestry & urban greening (1618-8667)
Year of publishing :2017
Volume:21
Page range:213-223
Number of Pages:11
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1618-8667
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
Agrovoc terms:turf, cultural factors, social behaviour
Keywords:conventional lawns, perceptions, lawns, lawn covers
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4470
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4470
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.ufug.2016.12.006
Web of Science (WoS)000397054000024
ID Code:14697
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development

(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:13 Nov 2017 10:47
Metadata Last Modified:13 Nov 2017 10:48

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