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Equine Multinodular Pulmonary Fibrosis in association with asinine herpesvirus type 5 and equine herpesvirus type 5: a case report

Back, Helena and Kendall, Anna and Grandon, Rodrigo and Ullman, Karin and Treiberg Berndtsson, Louise and Ståhl, Karl and Pringle, John (2012). Equine Multinodular Pulmonary Fibrosis in association with asinine herpesvirus type 5 and equine herpesvirus type 5: a case report. Acta veterinaria Scandinavica. 54, 1-5
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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1751-0147-54-57

Abstract

A standardbred gelding with a history of 10 days pyrexia and lethargy was referred to the Equine Hospital at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala, Sweden. The horse had tachypnea with increased respiratory effort and was in thin body condition. Laboratory findings included leukocytosis, hyperfibrinogenemia and hypoxemia. Thoracic radiographs showed signs of pneumonia with a multifocal nodular pattern, which in combination with lung biopsy findings indicated Equine Multinodular Pulmonary Fibrosis (EMPF). EMPF is a recently described disease in adult horses with clinical signs of fever, weight loss and respiratory problems. The pathological findings include loss of functional pulmonary parenchyma due to extensive nodular interstitial fibrosis which has been related to infection with the equine herpesvirus type 5 (EHV-5). In this case, lung biopsy and tracheal wash samples tested positive for both asinine herpesvirus type 5 (AHV-5) and EHV-5 using PCR assays. The horse failed to respond to treatment and was euthanized for humane reasons. Postmortem examination confirmed the diagnosis of EMPF. This case suggests that not only EHV-5 alone should be considered in association with the development of this disease.

Authors/Creators:Back, Helena and Kendall, Anna and Grandon, Rodrigo and Ullman, Karin and Treiberg Berndtsson, Louise and Ståhl, Karl and Pringle, John
Title:Equine Multinodular Pulmonary Fibrosis in association with asinine herpesvirus type 5 and equine herpesvirus type 5: a case report
Series/Journal:Acta veterinaria Scandinavica (0044-605X)
Year of publishing :2012
Volume:54
Page range:1-5
Number of Pages:0
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:0044-605X
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
Agrovoc terms:horses, veterinary medicine, respiratory disorders
Keywords:Horses, Equine Multinodular Pulmonary Fibrosis, AHV-5, EHV-5, Lungs
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4574
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4574
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1186/1751-0147-54-57
Web of Science (WoS)000311731600001
ID Code:14796
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
(VH) > Dept. of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:18 Dec 2017 08:09
Metadata Last Modified:18 Dec 2017 08:09

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