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Wolf and Bear Depredation on Livestock in Northern Sweden 1827–2014: Combining History, Ecology and Interviews

Axelsson Linkowski, Weronika and Kvarnström, Marie and Westin, Anna and Moen, Jon and Östlund, Lars (2017). Wolf and Bear Depredation on Livestock in Northern Sweden 1827–2014: Combining History, Ecology and Interviews. Land. 6:63, 1-24
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/land6030063

Abstract

During the twenty-first century, large carnivores have increased in human dominated landscapes after being extinct or nearly extinct. This has resulted in increasing numbers of livestock killed by large carnivores. The intent of this paper is to give a land use-historical perspective on the recent livestock–carnivore conflict in boreal Sweden. More specifically we address: (1) depredation risks (livestock killed by carnivores) and (2) local knowledge of how to protect livestock from predation and whether it survived among pastoralists until the present. This study provides numeric information on carnivores, livestock and depredation, combined with oral information from summer farmers about livestock protection. We compare recent (since 1998) and historical (late nineteenth century) depredation rates in two Swedish counties. In Dalarna recent depredation rates are higher than historical rates while the opposite pattern is seen in Jämtland. Recent depredation rates in Dalarna are twice the recent rates in Jämtland, in contrast to the historical situation. Recent and historical depredation rates are of the same order. Summer farmers traditionally graze their livestock in forested areas where carnivores reside. Interviews show that traditional knowledge of how to protect livestock from carnivores was lost during the twentieth century, but recently new knowledge has developed leading to changes in summer farming practices. The carnivore–livestock situation today differs from the historical situation, not so much in levels of depredation, but mainly regarding the possibilities of farmers to face challenges associated with increasing carnivore populations.

Authors/Creators:Axelsson Linkowski, Weronika and Kvarnström, Marie and Westin, Anna and Moen, Jon and Östlund, Lars
Title:Wolf and Bear Depredation on Livestock in Northern Sweden 1827–2014: Combining History, Ecology and Interviews
Series/Journal:Land (2073-445X)
Year of publishing :2017
Volume:6
Number:63
Page range:1-24
Number of Pages:24
Publisher:MDPI AG
ISSN:2073-445X
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L20 Animal ecology
X Agricola extesions > X80 Social sciences, humanities and education
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 6 Humanities > 601 History and Archaeology > History
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 504 Sociology > Social Anthropology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:carnivores, livestock depredation, wolves, bears, traditional knowledge, summer farms
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4589
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4589
ID Code:14826
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Swedish Biodiversity Centre
(S) > Dept. of Forest Ecology and Management
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:22 Dec 2017 07:27
Metadata Last Modified:22 Dec 2017 07:28

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