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A conceptual framework for understanding illegal killing of large carnivores

Carter, Neil H. and Lopez-Bao, Jose Vicente and Bruskotter, Jeremy and Gore, Meredith and Chapron, Guillaume and Johnson, Arlyne and Epstein, Yaffa and Shrestha, Mahendra and Frank, Jens and Ohrens, Omar and Treves, Adrian (2017). A conceptual framework for understanding illegal killing of large carnivores. Ambio. 46:3, 251-264
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-016-0852-z

Abstract

The growing complexity and global nature of wildlife poaching threaten the survival of many species worldwide and are outpacing conservation efforts. Here, we reviewed proximal and distal factors, both social and ecological, driving illegal killing or poaching of large carnivores at sites where it can potentially occur. Through this review, we developed a conceptual social–ecological system framework that ties together many of the factors influencing large carnivore poaching. Unlike most conservation action models, an important attribute of our framework is the integration of multiple factors related to both human motivations and animal vulnerability into feedbacks. We apply our framework to two case studies, tigers in Laos and wolverines in northern Sweden, to demonstrate its utility in disentangling some of the complex features of carnivore poaching that may have hindered effective responses to the current poaching crisis. Our framework offers a common platform to help guide future research on wildlife poaching feedbacks, which has hitherto been lacking, in order to effectively inform policy making and enforcement.

Authors/Creators:Carter, Neil H. and Lopez-Bao, Jose Vicente and Bruskotter, Jeremy and Gore, Meredith and Chapron, Guillaume and Johnson, Arlyne and Epstein, Yaffa and Shrestha, Mahendra and Frank, Jens and Ohrens, Omar and Treves, Adrian
Title:A conceptual framework for understanding illegal killing of large carnivores
Series/Journal:Ambio (0044-7447)
Year of publishing :2017
Volume:46
Number:3
Page range:251-264
Number of Pages:14
Publisher:Springer Verlag
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Wildlife Damage Centre
ISSN:0044-7447
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Zoology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Agrovoc terms:hunting, illegal practices, Carnivora, nature conservation, wildlife management
Keywords:Carnivores, Feedbacks, Gulo gulo, Panthera tigris, Poaching, Social-ecological systems
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4602
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4602
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000397818800001
ID Code:14873
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:10 Jan 2018 07:09
Metadata Last Modified:11 Jan 2018 11:39

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