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Sexual reproduction in Phytophthora infestans

epidemiological consequences

Andersson, Björn (2007). Sexual reproduction in Phytophthora infestans. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2007:77
ISBN 978-91-576-7376-3
[Doctoral thesis]

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Potato late blight, caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans, is one of the most devastating plant diseases worldwide. It is becoming increasingly difficult to control the disease in Sweden, leading to an ever more intensified use of fungicides in the potato production. This unsustainable development could be caused by changes in the pathogen due to the introduction of sexual reproduction. These changes could result in an enhanced capability of the pathogen to adapt to different factors, e. g. weather, cultivar resistance, chemical control or other cultivation measures. This might manifest itself in earlier infections and a late blight that spreads faster in the potato fields requiring increasing efforts to control. Different approaches were taken to clarify the role of sexual reproduction in P. infestans in the epidemiology of potato late blight. The formation of sexually formed oospores and their ability to serve as primary inoculum was studied, both as field observations and by determining within-field genotypic diversity. To further estimate the importance of reproduction on a large spatial scale a population study based on molecular and phenotypic markers was performed on P. infestans isolates from the whole Nordic region. The variation in the aggressiveness of Nordic populations of P. infestans was studied by determining different components of aggressiveness, e.g. sporulation capacity, lesion growth and infection efficacy. The aggressiveness study was combined with an analysis of the phenotypic structure of the Nordic population of P. infestans. The results clearly indicate that the Swedish populations of P. infestans are influenced by sexual reproduction. The facts that both mating types are found all over the country in near 1:1 proportions and that oospores are commonly formed in field crops and serve as inoculum under field conditions support this. Studies of the genetic diversity also indicate that sexual reproduction has an effect on the population structure of P. infestans in Sweden and the Nordic region as a whole.

Authors/Creators:Andersson, Björn
Title:Sexual reproduction in Phytophthora infestans
Subtitle:epidemiological consequences
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2007
Number of Pages:31
ALLI. Andersson, B., Sandström, M. & Strömberg, A. 1998. Indications of soil borne inoculum of Phytophthora infestans. Potato Research 41, 305-310. II. Widmark, A.-K., Andersson, B., Cassel-Lundhagen, A., Sandström, M. & Yuen, J.E. 2007. Phytophthora infestans in a single field in southwest Sweden early in spring: symptoms, spatial distribution and genotypic variation. Plant Pathology 56, 573-579. III. Andersson, B., Sandström, M., Flier W., Bødker, L. Hannukkala, A, Hermansen, A, Yuen, J.E. & Högberg, N. Analysis of population structure of Phytophthora infestans in the Nordic countries using AFLP markers (Manuscript) IV. A. Lehtinen, B. Andersson, A. Hannukkala, A. Hermansen, R. Naerstad, V. H. Le, M. B. Brurberg, B. J. Nielsen, J. G. Hansen, E. Ketoja & J. Yuen. Foliar aggressiveness of Phytophthora infestans in four Nordic countries Manuscript) V. A. Lehtinen, A. Hannukkala, B. Andersson, A. Hermansen, V. H. Le, R. Naerstad, M. B. Brurberg, B. J. Nielsen, J. G. Hansen & J. Yuen. Phenotypic variation in Nordic potato late blight populations in year 2003. (Accepted for publication)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Z - SLU - Library > Odla mera
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7376-3
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:phytophthora infestans, solanum tuberosum, blight, fungal diseases, epidemiology, fungal spores, sexual reproduction, sweden, finland, norway, denmark
Keywords:Potato late blight, Phytophthora infestans, epidemiology, oospores, sexual reproduction
Permanent URL:
ID Code:1513
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
(S) > Dept. of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology
Deposited By: Björn Andersson
Deposited On:06 Sep 2007 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:22 Mar 2015 15:13

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