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Late Bronze Age climate change and the destruction of the Mycenaean Palace of Nestor at Pylos

Finné, Martin and Holmgren, Karin and Shen, Chuan-Chou and Hu, Hsun-Ming and Boyd, Meighan and Stocker, Sharon (2017). Late Bronze Age climate change and the destruction of the Mycenaean Palace of Nestor at Pylos. PloS one. 12 :12 , 1-18
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0189447

Abstract

This paper offers new high-resolution oxygen and carbon isotope data from Stalagmite S1 from Mavri Trypa Cave, SW Peloponnese. Our data provide the climate background to the destruction of the nearby Mycenaean Palace of Nestor at Pylos at the transition from Late Helladic (LH) IIIB to LH IIIC, similar to 3150-3130 years before present (before AD 1950, hereafter yrs BP) and the subsequent period. S1 is dated by 24 U-Th dates with an averaged precision of +/- 26 yrs (2s), providing one of the most robust paleoclimate records from the eastern Mediterranean for the end of the Late Bronze Age (LBA). The delta O-18 record shows generally wetter conditions at the time when the Palace of Nestor at Pylos was destroyed, but a brief period of drier conditions around 3200 yrs BP may have disrupted the Mycenaean agricultural system that at the time was likely operating close to its limit. Gradually developing aridity after 3150 yrs BP, i.e. subsequent to the destruction, probably reduced crop yields and helped to erode the basis for the reinstitution of a central authority and the Palace itself.

Authors/Creators:Finné, Martin and Holmgren, Karin and Shen, Chuan-Chou and Hu, Hsun-Ming and Boyd, Meighan and Stocker, Sharon
Title:Late Bronze Age climate change and the destruction of the Mycenaean Palace of Nestor at Pylos
Series/Journal:PloS one (1932-6203)
Year of publishing :2017
Volume:12
Number:12
Page range:1-18
Number of Pages:18
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1932-6203
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P40 Meteorology and climatology
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Climate Research
Keywords:climate change, history, Pylos
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4750
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4750
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
Web of Science (WoS)000419006200028
ID Code:15276
Faculty:G - Common Units
Department:Common Units > Vice-Chancellor's Office
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:16 Feb 2018 11:59
Metadata Last Modified:16 Feb 2018 11:59

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