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Fungal communities as determinants of carbon dynamics in boreal forest soils

Kyaschenko, Julia (2018). Fungal communities as determinants of carbon dynamics in boreal forest soils. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2018:11
ISBN 978-9-1776-0162-3
eISBN 978-9-1776-0163-0
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Boreal forests play an important role in the global carbon cycling, as their soils represent a substantial terrestrial sink for atmospheric CO2 globally. In this biome, fungi are pivotal components as drivers of decomposition and nutrient cycling. Rapid development of molecular techniques increases our knowledge of fungal species distribution in different environments. However, scaling from small-scale community composition to ecosystem level processes is challenging. High throughput sequencing, enzyme assays and stable isotope analyses were used to investigate how fungal diversity and community composition responded to ecosystem fertility and forest harvesting. Radiocarbon dating and a carbon sequestration model were combined to estimate long-term carbon dynamics in soil profiles. Using data collected within a large-scale national sampling program, drivers of organic matter accumulation across the entire latitudinal range of the Swedish boreal forest were explored. Multivariate statistics and structural equation modelling were used to yield correlative relationships between environmental parameters, fungal communities and soil carbon dynamics. The re-establishing ectomycorrhizal community during stand development after clear-cutting was dominated by Atheliaceae in younger stands and by Cortinarius and Russula in older stands. The latter genera correlated positively with nutrient-mobilising enzymes, indicating aggravated nutrient limitation. A risk that shorter rotation periods could lead to the loss of symbiosis-driven recycling of organic nutrient pools and constrain long-term forest productivity was identified. Fungal-driven oxidation constrained belowground organic matter accumulation and promoted ecosystem fertility in an old-growth forest. Oxidative decomposition was regulated by fertility-related shifts between fungal guilds with contrasting decomposing capacities. Long-term humus build-up was driven by differences in root decomposition rates, whereas leaf litter decomposition was found to be of minor regulatory importance. Within soil profiles, carbon and nitrogen dynamics were significantly related to ecosystem fertility, root decomposition and fungal community composition. Belowground fungal communities were important components in mediating effects of climate, soil fertility and forest management on accumulation of soil organic matter in Swedish boreal region. Overall, the results collected across different scales and ecosystem types underlined soil fungi as the principal drivers of carbon and nitrogen dynamics in boreal forest ecosystems. The thesis highlights a major potential to increase the predictive power of forest ecosystem models by including soil fungi as integrated components.

Authors/Creators:Kyaschenko, Julia
Title:Fungal communities as determinants of carbon dynamics in boreal forest soils
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :16 February 2018
Depositing date:13 February 2018
Volume:2018:11
Number of Pages:88
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
1Kyaschenko, J., Clemmensen, K.E., Hagenbo, A., Karltun, E., Lindahl, B.D. (2017). Shift in fungal communities and associated enzyme activities along an age gradient of managed Pinus sylvestris stands. ISME Journal, 11, 863–874.
2Hagenbo, A., Kyaschenko, J., Clemmensen, K.E., Lindahl, B.D., Fransson P. (2017). Fungal community shifts underpin declining mycelial production and turnover across a Pinus sylvestris chronosequence. Journal of Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12917.
3Kyaschenko, J., Clemmensen, K.E., Karltun, E., Lindahl, B.D. (2017). Guild interaction within fungal communities regulates below-ground organic matter accumulation along a boreal forest fertility gradient. Ecology Letters, 20, 1546–1555.
4Kyaschenko, J., Ovaskainen, O., Ekblad, A., Hagenbo, A., Karltun, E., Clemmensen, K.E., Lindahl, B.D. Back-calculating carbon and nitrogen dynamics from organic matter age profiles throughout boreal forest mor layers. (manuscript)
5Kyaschenko, J., Varenius, K., Dahlberg, A., Karltun, E., Clemmensen, K.E., Stendahl, J., Lindahl, B.D. Relationships between fungal communities and below-ground accumulation of organic matter across Scandinavian boreal forest. (manuscript)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department os Soil and Environment
ISBN for printed version:978-9-1776-0162-3
ISBN for electronic version:978-9-1776-0163-0
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:K Forestry > K01 Forestry - General aspects
P Natural resources > P34 Soil biology
P Natural resources > P35 Soil fertility
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Soil science > Soil biology
Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Plant production > Forestry
Obsolete subject words > NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry > Biochemistry > Molecular biology
Agrovoc terms:carbon sequestration, clear felling, Boreal forests, degradation, soil fungi, nitrogen cycle, Sweden
Keywords:carbon sequestration, clear-cutting, competition, decomposition, ecosystem productivity, enzymes, fungal guilds, metabarcoding, Mn-peroxidase, nitrogen cycling
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4744
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4744
ID Code:15304
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
External funders:FORMAS
Deposited By: Julia Kyaschenko
Deposited On:14 Feb 2018 10:01
Metadata Last Modified:14 Feb 2018 10:01

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