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Informal value chain actors' knowledge and perceptions about zoonotic diseases and biosecurity in Kenya and the importance for food safety and public health

Nyokabi, Simon and Birner, Regina and Bett, Bernard and Isuyi, Linda and Grace, Delia and Güttler, Denise and Lindahl, Johanna (2018). Informal value chain actors' knowledge and perceptions about zoonotic diseases and biosecurity in Kenya and the importance for food safety and public health. Tropical animal health and production. 50 :3 , 509-518
[Journal article]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-017-1460-z

Abstract

Zoonotic diseases, transmitted from animals to humans, are a public health challenge in developing countries. Livestock value chain actors have an important role to play as the first line of defence in safeguarding public health. However, although the livelihood and economic impacts of zoonoses are widely known, adoption of biosecurity measures aimed at preventing zoonoses is low, particularly among actors in informal livestock value chains in low and middle-income countries. The main objective of this study was to investigate knowledge of zoonoses and adoption of biosecurity measures by livestock and milk value chain actors in Bura, Tana River County, in Kenya, where cattle, camels, sheep and goats are the main livestock kept. The study utilised a mixed methods approach, with a questionnaire survey administered to 154 value chain actors. Additional information was elicited through key informant interviews and participatory methods with relevant stakeholders outside the value chain. Our results found low levels of knowledge of zoonoses and low levels of adherence to food safety standards, with only 37% of milk traders knowing about brucellosis, in spite of a sero-prevalence of 9% in the small ruminants tested in this study, and no slaughterhouse worker knew about Q fever. Actors had little formal education (between 0 and 10%) and lacked training in food safety and biosecurity measures. Adoption of biosecurity measures by value chain actors was very low or non-existent, with only 11% of butchers wearing gloves. There was a gendered dimension, evidenced by markedly different participation in value chains and lower adoption rates and knowledge levels among female actors. Finally, cultural and religious practices were shown to play an important role in exposure and transmission of diseases, influencing perceptions and attitudes to risks and adoption of biosecurity measures.

Authors/Creators:Nyokabi, Simon and Birner, Regina and Bett, Bernard and Isuyi, Linda and Grace, Delia and Güttler, Denise and Lindahl, Johanna
Title:Informal value chain actors' knowledge and perceptions about zoonotic diseases and biosecurity in Kenya and the importance for food safety and public health
Series/Journal:Tropical animal health and production (1573-7438)
Year of publishing :2018
Volume:50
Number:3
Page range:509-518
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:Springer International Publishing AG
ISSN:1573-7438
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:X Agricola extesions > X38 Human medicine, health, and safety
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 3 Medical and Health Sciences > 303 Health Sciences > Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Keywords:Biosecurity measures, Zoonoses, Livestock value chains, Veterinary public health, Disease prevention, Infectious disease, Epidemiology, Disease transmission
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4799
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-4799
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s11250-017-1460-z
Web of Science (WoS)000425546900007
ID Code:15354
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:12 Mar 2018 07:17
Metadata Last Modified:09 Sep 2020 14:17

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