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Environmental compensation for disrupted ecological functions in Swedish road planning and design

Rundcrantz, Kristina (2007). Environmental compensation for disrupted ecological functions in Swedish road planning and design. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Alnarp : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2007:118
ISBN 978-91-85913-17-6
[Doctoral thesis]

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The road network is growing in Europe, resulting in environmental impacts with fragmentation and loss of ecological functions as major problems. This thesis is the first to systematically analyse the use of environmental compensation in the Swedish road planning system. The aim is to provide an increased knowledge and understanding of environmental compensation and specifically to consider how it can be improved in planning and design of roads. The thesis consists of three papers which elucidate different conditions that are important in the application of environmental compensation in Swedish road planning and design. Paper I reviews the use of environmental compensation in Germany, the USA, the Netherlands, the UK and Sweden. Paper II examines 15 planned Swedish road projects in order to investigate the intended use of environmental compensation. Paper III is a case study consisting of two road projects that have shown that proposed environmental compensation measures have been rather successful, in terms of getting described in the legally binding documents. The thesis concludes that environmental compensation is a potentially useful tool for a sustainable road planning. It is an instrument that is rather easy to use in the existing road planning system as a part of the EIA process. Municipalities and organisations have a rather positive attitude to compensation. Nevertheless, there are misgivings that environmental compensation can be misused by undermining the environmental consideration in projects. Hence it is of vital importance that the SRA clearly shows that environmental compensation is the third step in environmental consideration after avoidance and mitigation. The thesis highlights the importance of several factors important for a more successful use of environmental compensation in road planning. The interest and knowledge of professionals, especially project managers, is a crucial success factor. The legal context for environmental compensation also needs to be discussed more. Furthermore check lists that guarantee environmental measures, follow-up studies and better knowledge about environmental compensation are emphasised as important factors. Another conclusion is that environmental compensation can be used as a tool to create new environmental values in the everyday landscape, for example ecological networks.

Authors/Creators:Rundcrantz, Kristina
Title:Environmental compensation for disrupted ecological functions in Swedish road planning and design
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2007
Number of Pages:70
ALLI. Rundcrantz, K and Skärbäck, E. (2003) Environmental Compensation in Planning. A review of five different countries with major emphasis on the German system. European Environment, 13(4), 204-226. II. Rundcrantz, K. (2006) Environmental Compensation in Swedish Road planning. European Environment, 16(6), 350-367. III. Environmental Compensation – a case study of two road projects in Sweden. (Submitted manuscript).
Place of Publication:Alnarp
ISBN for printed version:978-91-85913-17-6
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:roads, planning, environmental impact, sustainability, compensation, case studies, usa, germany, netherlands, sweden
Keywords:compensation, mitigation, landscape planning, EIA, biodiversity, roads
Permanent URL:
ID Code:1551
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Landscape Architecture (until 121231)
Deposited By: Kristina Rundcrantz
Deposited On:06 Nov 2007 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:26 Apr 2019 10:23

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