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Pyometra in Small Animals

Hagman, Ragnvi (2018). Pyometra in Small Animals. The veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice. 48 , 639-661
[Journal article]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2018.03.001

Abstract

Pyometra, literally meaning “pus-filled uterus,” is a common illness in adult intact female dogs and cats and a less frequent diagnosis in other small animal species.1,2 The disease is characterized by an acute or chronic suppurative bacterial infection of the uterus post estrum with accumulation of inflammatory exudate in the uterine lumen and a variety of clinical and pathologic manifestations, locally and systemically.3 The disease develops during the luteal phase, and progesterone plays a key role for the establishment of infection with ascending opportunistic bacteria. The pathogen most often isolated from pyometra uteri is Escherichia coli. 4–6 A wide range of clinical signs are associated with the disease, which can be life-threatening in severe cases. It is important to seek immediate veterinary care when pyometra is suspected because a patient’s status may deteriorate rapidly and early intervention increases chances of survival. The diagnosis is generally straightforward but can be challenging when there is no vaginal discharge and obscure clinical signs. Surgical ovariohysterectomy (OHE) is the safest and most efficient treatment, but purely medical alternatives may be an option in some cases.

Authors/Creators:Hagman, Ragnvi
Title:Pyometra in Small Animals
Series/Journal:The veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice (0195-5616)
Year of publishing :2018
Volume:48
Page range:639-661
Number of Pages:23
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0195-5616
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Keywords:Endometritis, Cystic endometrial hyperplasia, Escherichia coli, Endotoxemia, Aglepristone, Prostaglandin, Cabergoline, Bromocriptine
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-5023
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-5023
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.cvsm.2018.03.001
ID Code:15664
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:27 Sep 2018 13:05
Metadata Last Modified:09 Sep 2020 14:17

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