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Vector-borne viruses and their detection by viral metagenomics

Cholleti, Harindranath and Berg, Mikael and Hayer, Juliette and Blomström, Anne-Lie (2018). Vector-borne viruses and their detection by viral metagenomics. Infection ecology & epidemiology. 8 , 1-11
[Article Review/Survey]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/20008686.2018.1553465


Arthropods, such as mosquitoes and ticks, are important vectors for different viruses (so called vector-borne viruses), some of which cause a significant number of human and animal deaths every year as well as affect public health worldwide. Dengue virus, yellow fever virus, chikungunya virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, tick-borne encephalitis virus and Zika virus are just a few examples of important vector-borne viruses. The majority of all vector-borne viruses have an RNA genome, which routinely undergo genetic modifications. The changes in the genome, apart from the environmental issues, can also influence the spread of viruses to new habitats and hosts and lead to the emergence of novel viruses, which may become a threat to public health. Therefore, it is important to investigate the viruses circulating in arthropod vectors to understand their diversity, host range and evolutionary history as well as to predict new emerging pathogens. The choice of detection method is important, as most of the methods can only detect viruses that have been previously well described. Viral metagenomics is a useful tool to simultaneously identify all the viruses present in a sample, including novel viruses. This review describes vector-borne viruses, their maintenance and emergence in nature, and detection using viral metagenomics.

Authors/Creators:Cholleti, Harindranath and Berg, Mikael and Hayer, Juliette and Blomström, Anne-Lie
Title:Vector-borne viruses and their detection by viral metagenomics
Series Name/Journal:Infection ecology & epidemiology
Year of publishing :2018
Page range:1-11
Number of Pages:11
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Pathobiology
Keywords:Vector-borne virus, arbovirus, viral metagenomics
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Additional ID:
Type of IDID
ID Code:15904
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(NL, NJ) > Institutionen för husdjursgenetik (fr.o.m. 960101)
(VH) > Dept. of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:12 Feb 2019 13:03
Metadata Last Modified:12 Feb 2019 13:03

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