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The evolving EU regulatory framework for precision breeding

Eriksson, Dennis (2018). The evolving EU regulatory framework for precision breeding. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 132 , 569-573
[Article Review/Survey]

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Abstract

Plant breeding has always relied on progress in various scientifc disciplines to generate and enable access to genetic variation. Until the 1970s, available techniques generated mostly random genetic alterations that were subject to a selection procedure in the plant material. Recombinant nucleic acid technology, however, started a new era of targeted genetic alterations, or precision breeding, enabling a much more targeted approach to trait management. More recently, developments in genome editing are now providing yet more control by enabling alterations at exact locations in the genome. The potential of recombinant nucleic acid technology fueled discussions about potentially new associated risks and, starting in the late 1980s, biosafety legislation for genetically modifed organisms (GMOs) has developed in the European Union. However, the last decade has witnessed a lot of discussions as to whether or not genome editing and other precision breeding techniques should be encompassed by the EU GMO legislation. A recent ruling from the Court of Justice of the European Union indicated that directed mutagenesis techniques should be subject to the provisions of the GMO Directive, essentially putting many precision breeding techniques in the same regulatory basket. This review outlines the evolving EU regulatory framework for GMOs and discusses some potential routes that the EU may take for the regulation of precision breeding.

Authors/Creators:Eriksson, Dennis
Title:The evolving EU regulatory framework for precision breeding
Year of publishing :2018
Volume:132
Page range:569-573
Number of Pages:5
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0040-5752
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 404 Agricultural Biotechnology > Genetics and Breeding
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 505 Law > Law (excluding Law and Society)
Keywords:biosafety legislation, genetic alterations, GMO, plant breeding, EU legislation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-98843
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-98843
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1007/s00122-018-3200-9
ID Code:16049
Faculty:LTV - Fakulteten för landskapsarkitektur, trädgårds- och växtproduktionsvetenskap
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Plant Breeding (from 130101)
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:08 Apr 2019 06:52
Metadata Last Modified:08 Apr 2019 06:52

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