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Genetics, breeding and deployment of Melaleuca and Norway spruce

Nguyen, Hong (2019). Genetics, breeding and deployment of Melaleuca and Norway spruce. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2109:29
ISBN 978-91-7760-376-4
eISBN 978-91-7760-377-1
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Additive effects of genes are cumulative over generations and are the main source of genetic variation exploited by most plant breeding programs. However, the relative importance of additive and non-additive genetic effects is critical information required to properly evaluate the potential for genetic gain from various breeding programs and deployment options used in the genetic improvement of forest trees.

Melaleuca cajuputi is a moderately fast-growing tree species considered as a multipurpose species in Australia and South-East Asia. Breeding programs of M. cajuputi have been conducted for three decades. In Vietnam, genetic improvement of subsp. cumingiana aims to enhance tree growth for wood production. Genetic analysis of growth, stem form, modulus of elasticity (MOE), bark thickness and bark ratio was examined from 80 half-sib family progeny trial. Narrow-sense heritability ranged from zero to 0.27. MOE had positive genetic correlations with growth. Selection based on volume and MOE showed genetic gains of 31% in volume and 6% in MOE. The optimal early selection age for growth based on DBH alone was four years. A second breeding objective for M. cajuputi subsp. cajuputi aims to improve oil yield and 1,8-cineole content. Data collected from single trial including 39 full-sib families from 12 parents was analyzed. Narrow-sense heritability were 0.10–0.13 for growth, 0.50 for oil yield and 0.21 for 1,8-cineole content. Genetic relationships among growth, oil concentration and 1,8-cineole content were almost independent. The most optimal selection scenario improved 2.18% in 1,8-cineole content and 27.36% in leaf oil yield.

Genetic improvement of Norway spruce (Picea abies) has been carried out for over six decades in Sweden. A large clonal testing program was launched during the mid- 1970s. This study evaluated genetic variations for growth and wood quality traits (i.e. Resi, Pilo, AV, MOE and GA) from the six full-sib and two half-sib clonal trials in order to study benefits and risk of implementing clonal forestry. Additive genetic variation accounted for majority of the total genetic variation associated with DBH and wood traits whereas non-additive genetic variation appeared to be more important for height at early ages. Predicted genetic gain was the highest for clonal deployment, followed by full-sib family deployment and open-pollinated deployment. Consequently, clonal forestry could lift genetic gain about 11–31% more for wood traits and 22–120% more for DBH over full-sib family forestry. About 30–40 clones for each family could obtain the maximum clonal genetic gain in clonal testing and selection.

Authors/Creators:Nguyen, Hong
Title:Genetics, breeding and deployment of Melaleuca and Norway spruce
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :2019
Depositing date:26 April 2019
Volume:2109:29
Number:2019:29
Number of Pages:47
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
INguyen Thi Hai Hong, Ryota Konda, Kieu Tuan Dat, Tran Thanh Cao, Phung Van Khang, Tran Tin Hau, Harry Wu. 2019. Genetic improvement for wood production in Melaleuca cajuputi. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 31(2):?-?.
IIThi Hai Hong Nguyen, Anto Rimbawanto, Prastyono, Noor K. Kartikawati, Harry Wu. 2019. Genetic improvement for essential oil yield and quality in Melaleuca cajuputi. Industry Crops and Production (submitted).
IIIThi Hai Hong Nguyen, Zhi-Qiang Chen, Anders Fries, Mats Berlin, Henrik Hallingbäck, Harry Wu. 2019. Estimates of additive, dominance and epistatic genetic variances for growth and wood traits in two Norway spruce clonal trials (manuscript).
IVZhi-Qiang Chen, Thi Hai Hong Nguyen, Andreas Helmersson, Mateusz Liziniewicz, Bo Karlsson, Henrik Hallingbäck, Anders Fries, Mats Berlin, Harry Wu. 2019. Estimating genetic parameters and genetic gain for growth and wood quality traits from six Norway spruce clonal trials (manuscript).
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of forest genetics and plant physiology, Swedish university of agricultural sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-7760-376-4
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-7760-377-1
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Article category:Other scientific
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F30 Plant genetics and breeding
K Forestry > K10 Forestry production
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:clonal forestry, pilodyn, resistograph, acoustic velocity, MOE, grain angle, essential oil, 1,8-cineol, genetic gain
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-99799
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-99799
ID Code:16097
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Genetics and Plant Physiology
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:26 Apr 2019 14:26
Metadata Last Modified:26 Apr 2019 14:26

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