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Communication problems when participants disagree (or avoid disagreeing) in dialogues in Swedish natural resource management – challenges to agonism in practice

Hallgren, Lars and Bergeå, Hanna and Westberg, Lotten (2018). Communication problems when participants disagree (or avoid disagreeing) in dialogues in Swedish natural resource management – challenges to agonism in practice. Frontiers in communication. 3 , 1-11
[Journal article]

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.3389/fcomm.2018.00056

Abstract

In this article, we analyze how participants perform disagreement in meetings organized with the explicit purpose of managing through dialogue conflicts concerning natural resources in Sweden. How is a conversation initiated about something that participants disagree about? How do they clarify to each other that, about what, and why they disagree? How do they show that they understand it is like that and what do they do when this is clear to them? Answers to these questions are important because, if dialogue is to contribute to the constructive development of conflict situations, dialogue should be regarded as a forum where disagreement is expressed and developed, rather than as a forum and tool for consensus. We conducted a sequential analysis of how disagreement is performed and accomplished in normative dialogues in which participants talk about how to reduce the negative impact of wildlife populations — such as predators and grazing birds — on human activities such as domestic reindeer husbandry and cropfarming. The analysis shows that disagreement is articulated in ways that do not seem to make ontological, epistemological and axiological differences among positions clear for participants. We identified six procedures through which disagreements are(not) accomplished in these conversations. This shows that routines and procedures in normative dialogue are characterized by consensus-preferences not helpful foragonistic dialogue. In order to avoid situations where dialogue leads to discursive closures, standards and procedures that facilitate articulation of disagreement need to be developed.

Authors/Creators:Hallgren, Lars and Bergeå, Hanna and Westberg, Lotten
Title:Communication problems when participants disagree (or avoid disagreeing) in dialogues in Swedish natural resource management – challenges to agonism in practice
Year of publishing :2018
Volume:3
Page range:1-11
Number of Pages:11
Publisher:Frontiers
ISSN:2297-900X
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 508 Media and Communications > Communication Studies
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
Keywords:agonistic pluralism, radical democracy, dialogue, environmental conflict, disagreement, natural resource management
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-99995
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-99995
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.3389/fcomm.2018.00056
ID Code:16126
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:08 May 2019 08:27
Metadata Last Modified:08 May 2019 08:27

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