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Driving and restraining forces for economic and technical efficiency in dairy farms

what are the effects of technology and management?

Hansson, Helena (2007). Driving and restraining forces for economic and technical efficiency in dairy farms. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2007:108
ISBN 978-91-85913-07-7
[Doctoral thesis]

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The overall aim of this study was to analyze what drives and restrains efficient dairy production, based on data from dairy farms in Sweden. Key back ground factors of the study was that Swedish farms are getting larger and fewer, the Mid Term Review which changes the market situation and the evidence from several international studies that dairy farms can become more efficient than they are. The literature revealed three themes which were considered as fruitful conceptual frameworks for the analysis: the overall structure of inefficiency, the farm itself and the farmer managerial capacity. The first theme was analyzed in Paper I and II, the second theme in Paper III and the third in Paper IV. The study was based on farm accounting data from Statistics Sweden, a database of gross margin budgets for different agricultural production lines and regions in Sweden (Agriwise), a dairy cow recording scheme and a mail-questionnaire. All papers were based on data envelopment efficiency scores and regression analyzes. Paper I analyzed the structure of inefficiency by considering which efficiency perspective (input or output) offers the more opportunities for improvements. Further, the links between management's critical success factors (MCSFs) and efficiency were analyzed. It was concluded that especially the allocative input efficiency could be improved. Moreover, the links between MCSFs and efficiency were typically weak. Paper II continued to analyze the overall structure of inefficiency by analyzing how farm size affected farm level efficiency. It was concluded that technical and allocative efficiency scores are typically affected by farm size in opposite ways. Paper III analyzed how aspects of the farm itself, typically determined in the long-run strategic management, affected farm efficiency. It was e.g. concluded that high focus on dairy production restrains efficiency, while a discussion partner drives efficiency. Paper IV analyzed how differences in farmer managerial capacity, i.e. differences in personal aspects and decision making characteristics influenced farm efficiency. It was e.g. concluded that education in agriculture and participation in study circles drive efficiency whereas a positive profitability perception restrains efficiency.

Authors/Creators:Hansson, Helena
Title:Driving and restraining forces for economic and technical efficiency in dairy farms
Subtitle:what are the effects of technology and management?
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2007
Number of Pages:61
ALLI Hansson, H. (2007). The links between management's critical success factors and farm level economic performance on dairy farms in Sweden. Food Economics - Acta Agricult Scand C. 4: 77-88. II Hansson, H. Are larger farms more efficient? A study of the relationships between farm level efficiency and size in Swedish dairy farms. (Submitted to Agricultural and Food Science) III Hansson, H. (2007). Strategy factors as drivers and restraints on dairy farm performance: Evidence from Sweden. Agricultural Systems. 94: 726-737. IV Hansson, H. How can farmer managerial capacity contribute to improved farm performance? A study of dairy farms in Sweden. (Submitted to Food Economics-Acta Agricult Scand C, revised first round)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-85913-07-7
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:dairy farms, milk production, farm size, farm management, decision making, efficiency, data analysis, statistical methods, sweden
Keywords:allocative efficiency, dairy farms, decision making, data envelopment analysis, farm size, economic efficiency, management's critical success factors, managerial capacity, regression analysis, strategic management, technical efficiency
Permanent URL:
ID Code:1614
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: Helena Hansson
Deposited On:29 Oct 2007 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:13

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