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The importance of nature in coping

creating increased understanding of the importance of pure experiences of nature to human health

Ottosson, Johan (2007). The importance of nature in coping. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Alnarp : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2007: 115
ISBN 978-91-85913-14-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The aim of the present dissertation is to create a greater understanding of the importance of
pure experiences of nature for human health. The dissertation consists of five articles and a
frame story.
The first two articles report on an introspective study of my own experiences of the nature
previously. The interplay between human beings and the natural environment is described in
detail, based on the interaction between the author and strong elements in nature, e.g. stones
and water.
The findings from Article III and IV may be interpreted as follows:
x Elderly people, in general, recover more quickly from directed attention fatigue after
having rested in a garden than after having rested indoors, as could be measured by
different tests of concentration.
x Elderly people with low psycho-physiological balance were most affected by a stay in a garden, as could be measured by changes in heart rate and blood pressure.
x The study shows, first, that an outdoor visit is important for recovery from stress and fatigue and, second, that the improvement is especially significant for those who are
most susceptible.

The findings from Article V may be interpreted as follows:
x Experiencing nature seems to have a more powerful influence on the rehabilitation
potential of people greatly affected by a crisis.
x Taking a walk also has a significant influence, although not of equal importance.
x The social factor seems to have more influence on the rehabilitation potential of people affected by a crisis to a low/moderate degree.
x Having access to nature in everyday life can have a buffering effect on people’s
mental state. Individuals who have many experiences of nature are less affected by their crisis than are those who have few such experiences.
The above results are discussed and interpreted in the frame story by linking them to that stays in sound natural environments function as stays in enriched environments.
Sound natural environments contain certain qualities that mediate an effectual explanatory models of the effects of nature experiences on emotions and recovery
from a crisis.

Authors/Creators:Ottosson, Johan
Title:The importance of nature in coping
Subtitle:creating increased understanding of the importance of pure experiences of nature to human health
Year of publishing :2007
Volume:2007: 115
Number of Pages:79
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLPaper I Ottosson, J., 1997. Naturens betydelse i en livskris. Stad & Land 148. Movium, Alnarp. Paper II Ottosson, J., 2001. The Importance of Nature in Coping with a Crisis. Landscape Research, 26, 165-172. Paper III Ottosson, J. & Grahn, P., 2005a. A Comparison of Leisure Time Spent In a Garden with Leisure Time Spent Indoors: on Measures of Restoration in Residents in Geriatric Care. Landscape Research. 30, 23-55. Paper IV Ottosson, J. & Grahn, P., 2005b. Measures of Restoration in Geriatric Care Residences: The influence of nature on elderly people’s power of concentration, blood pressure and pulse rate. Journal of Housing for the Elderly, 19 (3/4), 227- 256. Paper V Ottosson, J. & Grahn, P., 2007. The role of natural settings in crisis rehabilitation. Landscape Research, accepted.
Place of Publication:Alnarp
Publisher:Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
ISBN for printed version:978-91-85913-14-5
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:X Agricola extesions > X38 Human medicine, health, and safety
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:recreational areas, wilderness areas, psychological factors, environmental factors, mental ability, health, elderly
Keywords:Restorative effects, affects, health, crisis, nature, gardens, elderly people, brain injury, introspection, enriched environment, emotional tone, scope of meaning
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-1864
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-1864
ID Code:1616
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Department of Work Science, Business Economics, and Environmental Psychology
Deposited By: Jenny Casey Eriksson
Deposited On:01 Nov 2007 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:13

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