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Refunding of a climate tax on food consumption in Sweden

Gren, Ing-Marie and Höglind, Lisa and Jansson, Torbjörn (2019). Refunding of a climate tax on food consumption in Sweden. Uppsala: (NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Working paper series / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics ; 2019:01
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Abstract

Refunding of climate taxes on consumption of food might reduce the resistance towards the introduction of such a tax, which is necessary to achieve climate targets. This paper examines the implication of refunding a tax on consumption of food in Sweden under three refunding schemes; lump sum, in proportion to agricultural area, and payments for ecosystem services on agricultural land (carbon sink enhancement by restoration of drained peatland, biodiversity provision from increased area of grassland, and nutrient regulation by construction of wetlands). The theoretical results showed that economic and environmental conditions can improve compared with the no tax case under all three schemes, but to different farmer categories. The empirical results from a partial agricultural sector model showed that the introduction of a climate tax corresponding to the Swedish tax of 115 Euro per ton CO2e reduces total emissions by 5% without any refunding of the total tax incomes which amount to 1.391 billion Euro. Refunding with payments for restoration of drained peatlands enhance carbon sink by 5.9 million metric tons of CO2e and results in net benefit of the tax system as a whole but not for all farmer categories.

Authors/Creators:Gren, Ing-Marie and Höglind, Lisa and Jansson, Torbjörn
Title:Refunding of a climate tax on food consumption in Sweden
Series/Journal:Working paper series / Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics (1401-4068)
Year of publishing :2019
Number:2019:01
Number of Pages:39
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISSN:1401-4068
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Article category:Other scientific
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:X Agricola extesions > X70 Economics and management
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Agricultural Science
Keywords:climate tax, food consumption, tax refunding, partial equilibrium analysis, Sweden
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-100196
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-100196
ID Code:16164
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:07 Jun 2019 06:40
Metadata Last Modified:10 Jun 2019 19:27

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