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Setting the scene

Vihervaara, Petteri and Belgrano, Andrea and Ejdung, Gunilla and Heiskanen, Anna-Stiina and Kallio, Minna and Lindblad, Cecilia and Roth, Eva and Tunon, Håkan (2018). Setting the scene. I/In: Biodiversity and ecosystem services in Nordic coastal ecosystems: an IPBES-like assessment. Volume 1. The general overview. Sid./p. 15-43. TemaNord (2018:536). Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers
ISBN 978-92-893-5664-0
[Book Chapter]

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Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



Biodiversity loss can degrade ecosystems and impactthe ability of ecosystems to contribute to people. The last 20 years of ecosystem service research has increased society’s interest in fighting the consequences of ecosystem degradation.
During the last decades, attitudes towards conservation have been shaped in many ways. According to Mace (2014), “nature for itself” was a key principle during 1960s–1970s supporting concepts such as protected and wilderness areas. Human pressures on nature during the 1980s and early 1990s resulted in extinctions, habitat loss, and pollution, which made it urgent to act for“nature despite of people”. That period was followed by a “nature for people” period, in which biodiversity challenges were mainstreamed via concepts such as ecosystem approach, ecosystem services and economic values. The latest paradigm, which was developed by Mace (2014) is called “people and nature”. Key concepts in conservation circles include environmental change, resilience, adaptability and socio-ecological systems. Several assessments of the state and trends of biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services have been carried out via various initiatives, such as Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA, 2005), followed by the Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) assessments and the Aichi biodiversity targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). In Europe, Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES) has generated a lot of new knowledge on the quantification of ecosystem services and use of this information in decision-making.
Today, more and more open data is available through research infrastructures, for example, remote sensing data through the Copernicus programme of the European Union and European Space Agency. Naturebased solutions and green and blue infrastructure are becoming popular in landscape planning and highlight different aspects of the socio-ecological (synon. coupled human-environment) systems and their sustainable management. The most significant attempt to highlight the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services globally, has been the establishment of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). IPBES has launched a series of thematic and geographical assessments. The European and Central Asian regional assessment has been ongoing parallel to this Nordic IPBES-like assessment that has focused on coastal ecosystems and their services. This assessment covers the Nordic countries, i.e. Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, and autonomous areas such as Åland, Faroe Islands and Greenland, which are a unique “biocultural” piece of Earth with unique nature values and well-established societies.

Authors/Creators:Vihervaara, Petteri and Belgrano, Andrea and Ejdung, Gunilla and Heiskanen, Anna-Stiina and Kallio, Minna and Lindblad, Cecilia and Roth, Eva and Tunon, Håkan
Title:Setting the scene
Series Name/Journal:TemaNord
Year of publishing :2018
Page range:15-43
Number of Pages:29
Place of Publication:Copenhagen
Publisher:Nordic Council of Ministers
ISBN for printed version:978-92-893-5664-0
ISBN for electronic version:978-92-893-5665-7
Publication Type:Book Chapter
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Other Biological Topics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 506 Political Science > Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Keywords:biodiversity, ecosystems, conservation, ecosystem services, Nordic countries, coastal regions
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Type of IDID
Alternative URL:http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:norden:org:diva-5272
ID Code:16272
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Swedish Biodiversity Centre
(NL, NJ) > Department of Aquatic Resources
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:27 Aug 2019 08:57
Metadata Last Modified:21 Aug 2020 23:07

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