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Economic burden of livestock disease and drought in Northern Tanzania

Ahmed, Haseeb and Yoder, Jonathan and de Glanville, William A. and Davis, Alicia and Kibona, Tito J. and Mmbaga, Blandina T. and Lankester, Felix and Swai, Emanuel S. and Cleaveland, Sarah (2019). Economic burden of livestock disease and drought in Northern Tanzania. Journal of development and agricultural economics. 11 , 140-151
[Journal article]

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Abstract

Livestock-dependent communities face considerable livestock disease and drought risk, which can impact herd value, income and consumption. This paper summarizes economic data collected from 404 households in Arusha and Manyara regions of Northern Tanzania in 2016. They provide estimates for (i) herd loss due to disease and drought as a fraction of herd value and income, (ii) the relative risk of disease and drought in small versus large ruminants and (iii) the relationship between livestock disease outcomes and household expenditures. We find that disease and drought losses comprise 10 to 4% of sheep, cattle and goat herd value, and amount to an estimated 62.1% of household income. The drought and disease risk ratios for small versus large ruminants indicate that small stock face higher disease risk, while large ruminants are affected more by drought. Furthermore, cattle abortions are negatively related to schooling expenditure and positively associated with increases in off-farm food expenditure related to livestock management, presumably through increased investments in prevention and therapy. These results suggest that climatic variability and livestock diseases are an important source of economic vulnerability and reducing this burden may help alleviate poverty in livestock-dependent communities.

Authors/Creators:Ahmed, Haseeb and Yoder, Jonathan and de Glanville, William A. and Davis, Alicia and Kibona, Tito J. and Mmbaga, Blandina T. and Lankester, Felix and Swai, Emanuel S. and Cleaveland, Sarah
Title:Economic burden of livestock disease and drought in Northern Tanzania
Year of publishing :2019
Volume:11
Page range:140-151
Number of Pages:12
Publisher:Academic Journals
ISSN:2006-9774
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Keywords:household production, livestock disease, drought, herd management, Tanzania
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-101295
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-101295
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.5897/JDAE2018.1028
ID Code:16293
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:01 Oct 2019 10:58
Metadata Last Modified:01 Oct 2019 10:58

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