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Variation in lake water chemistry and spatial scale

analysis of the Swedish national lake monitoring programme

Göransson, Elisabet (2003). Variation in lake water chemistry and spatial scale. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Silvestria, 1401-6230 ; 269
ISBN 91-576-6503-6
[Doctoral thesis]

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Official URL: http://www.slu.se/vatten-miljo


Lake water chemistry generally reflects the ecological, geological and climatic processes in and around a lake. Spatial variability both within and among lakes affects our interpretation of lake monitoring data. This thesis addresses the importance of scale, from small (variability within a lake and among neighboring lakes) to large (ecoregions, EMEP-grid and parts of the country) on selected chemical metrics using data from the Swedish lake monitoring program. Different approaches are used when studying the spatial variability of lake water chemistry, e.g. partial least squares regression (PLS) and variogram modeling. The synchronous variation of lake water chemistry is also investigated.

Paper I addressed the question of how representative a mid-lake surface sample was of in-lake conditions. Where a sample was taken within a lake was found to affect the sample’s representativity of lake water surface chemistry. As a mid-lake sample was shown to be more representative than a random sample, my conclusion was that a mid-lake sample can be considered representative of average surface water chemistry.

Partition lakes regarding lake water chemistry is an important issue for interpreting lake monitoring data. In Paper II lakes were classified into six ecoregions. The study showed that ecoregional classification of lake water chemistry only worked in the southern part of Sweden, where there was sufficient variation within the ecoregions. Both Paper III and IV indicated that water-chemical data should be interpreted at a regional scale (e.g. EMEP-scale). In Paper III I showed that there was a spatial dependence in lake water chemistry; Ca* and Mg* concentrations in lakes close to each other were more similar than in lakes at further distances, but the distance for dependence can vary within the country. Paper IV showed that lakes seemed to have high rate of synchronous variation at least for the variables SO4*, Ca*, AbsF and ANC.

Further knowledge of the connection between variation in lake water chemistry and e.g. weathering, soil chemistry, soil type, distribution of mires, land use, precipitation, deposition and runoff are needed. An interesting task would be to develop a method to classify the country into regions regarding lake water chemistry together with experts in geology and hydrology. o

Authors/Creators:Göransson, Elisabet
Title:Variation in lake water chemistry and spatial scale
Subtitle:analysis of the Swedish national lake monitoring programme
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Silvestria
Year of publishing :April 2003
Number of Pages:34
I.Göransson, E., Johnson, R.K. & Wilander, A. 2003. Representativity of a mid-lake surface water chemistry sample. (Submitted).
II.Göransson, E. & Johnson R.K. 2003. The importance of ecoregions and catchment characteristics for prediction of pH and total phosphorus. (Submitted).
III.Göransson, E., Bringmark, E., Rapp, L. & Wilander, A. 2003. Modeling the effect of liming on calcium concentration in Swedish lakes. (Manuscript).
IV.Fölster, J., Göransson, E., Johansson, K. & Wilander, A. 2003. Synchronous variation in water chemistry for 80 reference lakes in southern Sweden. (Manuscript).
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Dept. of Environmental Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6503-6
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P10 Water resources and management
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Agrovoc terms:lakes, water analysis, water quality, chemical composition, monitoring, sweden
Keywords:regionalization, predictive models, pH, total phosphorus, catchment characteristics, geostatistics, liming, synchrony, lake characteristics, lake survey
Permanent URL:
ID Code:164
Faculty:L - Lantbruksvetenskaplig fakultet (t.o.m. 2003)
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Environmental Assessment (until 080831)
Deposited By: Elisabet Göransson
Deposited On:01 Apr 2003 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:06 Feb 2017 13:41

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