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Negotiating fences

interaction in advisory encounters for nature conservation

Bergeå, Hanna Ljunggren (2007). Negotiating fences. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2007:130
ISBN 978-91-85913-29-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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Farmers are key actors for the management of nature conservation. Environmental quality objectives, programmes, subsidies and advisory activities are incentives from society to enhance nature conservation. Recent policies claim the work should be guided by participatory approaches. The thesis describes how these ambitions are to be realised and co-ordinated with the farmer's other activities in encounters between the adviser and the farmer. Furthermore, its aim is to analyse participation and learning issues in advisory encounters. The analytical focus is the interaction where the policy ideas, concepts and categories are negotiated into meaning by the participants in an actual situation. This encounter is described in terms of an institutional talk where the asymmetries between the participants, i.e. the institutional representative and the non-institutional representative, are relevant for the accomplishment of the tasks at hand. The study is made from a communicative perspective, where people are considered as social actors who act by means of communication in a socially constructed world. The data consists of 35 hours of video recordings of naturally occurring conversations between farmers and advisers. The thesis applies conversation analysis (CA) as a new method in order to approach problems of environmental communication. It is complemented with semi-structured interviews and a literature study. Compared to other advisory activities, in the encounters studied the prerequisites for learning and participation contain several drawbacks. The learning concerns the frames of the encounter and the inherent participation rather than nature conservation more generally. This advisory activity has a double agenda; elements of advice-giving as well as surveillance. This is an obstacle for both participants. The farmer endeavours to understand the aim of the encounter, the frames for participation and how to achieve a legitimate professional vision. The adviser attempts to accomplish the conflicting institutional commissions. The study presents how the practice of seeing is used as an activity-structuring resource and for making assessments. The findings also demonstrate how the space for action is used for dealing with complaints in a way which demands a delicate balance between professional loyalty and the social solidarity of the situation for the adviser. The study emphasises the importance of the face-to-face interaction in advisory encounters. An acknowledgement of the communication is especially crucial in the profession of the adviser. The thesis offers a terminology to enhance such a development.

Authors/Creators:Bergeå, Hanna Ljunggren
Title:Negotiating fences
Subtitle:interaction in advisory encounters for nature conservation
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2007
Number of Pages:177
ALLI Ahnström, J., Höckert, J., Bergeå, H.L., Francis, C.A., Skelton, P. & Hallgren, L.: Farmers and nature conservation – what is known about attitudes, context factors and actions affecting conservation? Submitted paper. II Bergeå, H.L. & Ljung, M.: Implementing nature conservation policy in the name of participation: Field-level bureaucrats as a lubricant. Manuscript. III Bergeå, H.L., Martin, C. & Sahlström, F.: "I don't know what you're looking for": Professional vision in Swedish agricultural extension on nature conservation management. Submitted paper. IV Lindström, A. & Bergeå, H.L. 2007. Klander, identitet och professionell solidaritet. Analyser av klagomål i möten mellan lantbrukare och naturvårdsrådgivare. In: Engdahl, E. & Londén, A-M. (Eds.). Interaktion och kontext. Lund: Studentlitteratur, pp. 303-324.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:978-91-85913-29-9
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agrovoc terms:farmers, advisory officers, nature conservation, social participation, extension activities, diffusion of information, human behaviour, environmental policies, sweden
Keywords:Conversation analysis, advisory encounter, nature conservation, learning, interaction, participation, institutional talk, agricultural extension, biodiversity, street-level bureaucracy, Sweden
Permanent URL:
ID Code:1647
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: Hanna Bergeå
Deposited On:29 Nov 2007 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:13

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