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Research questions to facilitate the future development of European long-term ecosystem research infrastructures: A horizon scanning exercise

Musche, Martin and Adamescu, Mihai and Angelstam, Per and Bacher, Sven and Baeck, Jaana and Buss, Heather L. and Duffy, Christopher and Flaim, Giovanna and Gaillardet, Jerome and Giannakis, George V. and Haase, Peter and Halada, Lubos and Kissling, Daniel and Lundin, Lars and Matteucci, Giorgio and Meesenburg, Henning and Monteith, Don and Nikolaidis, Nikolaos P. and Pipan, Tanja and Pysek, Petr and Rowe, Ed C. and Roy, David B. and Sier, Andrew and Tappeiner, Ulrike and Vila, Montserrat and White, Tim and Zobel, Martin and Klotz, Stefan (2019). Research questions to facilitate the future development of European long-term ecosystem research infrastructures: A horizon scanning exercise. Journal of Environmental Management. 250 , 1-17
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Abstract

Distributed environmental research infrastructures are important to support assessments of the effects of global change on landscapes, ecosystems and society. These infrastructures need to provide continuity to address long-term change, yet be flexible enough to respond to rapid societal and technological developments that modify research priorities. We used a horizon scanning exercise to identify and prioritize emerging research questions for the future development of ecosystem and socio-ecological research infrastructures in Europe. Twenty research questions covered topics related to (i) ecosystem structures and processes, (ii) the impacts of anthropogenic drivers on ecosystems, (iii) ecosystem services and socio-ecological systems and (iv), methods and research infrastructures. Several key priorities for the development of research infrastructures emerged. Addressing complex environmental issues requires the adoption of a whole-system approach, achieved through integration of biotic, abiotic and socio-economic measurements. Interoperability among different research infrastructures needs to be improved by developing standard measurements, harmonizing methods, and establishing capacities and tools for data integration, processing, storage and analysis. Future research infrastructures should support a range of methodological approaches including observation, experiments and modelling. They should also have flexibility to respond to new requirements, for example by adjusting the spatio-temporal design of measurements. When new methods are introduced, compatibility with important long-term data series must be ensured. Finally, indicators, tools, and transdisciplinary approaches to identify, quantify and value ecosystem services across spatial scales and domains need to be advanced.

Authors/Creators:Musche, Martin and Adamescu, Mihai and Angelstam, Per and Bacher, Sven and Baeck, Jaana and Buss, Heather L. and Duffy, Christopher and Flaim, Giovanna and Gaillardet, Jerome and Giannakis, George V. and Haase, Peter and Halada, Lubos and Kissling, Daniel and Lundin, Lars and Matteucci, Giorgio and Meesenburg, Henning and Monteith, Don and Nikolaidis, Nikolaos P. and Pipan, Tanja and Pysek, Petr and Rowe, Ed C. and Roy, David B. and Sier, Andrew and Tappeiner, Ulrike and Vila, Montserrat and White, Tim and Zobel, Martin and Klotz, Stefan
Title:Research questions to facilitate the future development of European long-term ecosystem research infrastructures: A horizon scanning exercise
Year of publishing :2019
Volume:250
Page range:1-17
Number of Pages:17
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0301-4797
Language:English
Publication Type:Article Review/Survey
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Copyright:Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Keywords:Research strategies, Priorities, Research infrastructure, Whole system approach, Interoperability
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-102564
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-102564
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109479
Web of Science (WoS)000497253000061
ID Code:16512
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:04 Feb 2020 10:31
Metadata Last Modified:23 Jul 2020 10:17

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