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Local and regional variations in conditions for agriculture and food security in Tanzania

a review

Suleiman, Rashid (2018). Local and regional variations in conditions for agriculture and food security in Tanzania. Uppsala: Other, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. AgriFoSe2030 Report ; 10
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Abstract

In Tanzania, agriculture is considered the backbone of the economy, contributing about 30% of the total GDP. It is the livelihood of 65 to 70% of the population and accounts for close to three quarters of rural incomes. Agriculture in Tanzania is dominated by smallholder farmers who occupy a large portion of the farmland and produce most of the crop and livestock products. Smallholder farmers play a vital role in agricultural production and food security. Food insecurity is directly linked to poverty and poor agricultural performance among smallholder farmers. The aim of this study was to review available literature on the local and regional variations of agricultural conditions and food security for smallholder farmers in Tanzania and to identify the main constraints along the different value chains. The study was carried out for three months, and the internet was a major source of information and data. The agricultural sector in Tanzania comprises food and cash crops as well as livestock production. Food crops are cereals, pulses, roots and tubers, important cash crops include coffee, tea, tobacco and cashew nuts. The main livestock kept in Tanzania are cattle, goats, sheep, pigs and poultry. The study found that agriculture in Tanzania, as in most other Sub-Saharan African countries, has failed to become an engine of growth and economic transformation due to constraints along the value chain. These constraints include land tenure and management, access to input and output markets, and access agricultural extension and agricultural credit as well as the risk posed by climate change. Moreover, a number of crosscutting issues closely linked to rural development, such as the situation of women and youth, increasing urbanization, and the effects of the HIV-epidemic. Finally, the strategies likely to strengthen the position of smallholder farmers should include measures to enable them to benefit from high-value agricultural markets, improve their market access and value chain competitiveness, as well as to promote farmers organizations and contract farming.

Authors/Creators:Suleiman, Rashid
Title:Local and regional variations in conditions for agriculture and food security in Tanzania
Subtitle:a review
Year of publishing :2018
Number:10
Number of Pages:40
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:SLU Global, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-9595-6
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Article category:Other scientific
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Keywords:agriculture and food security, Tanzania
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-103574
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-103574
ID Code:16577
Faculty:G - Common Units
Department:Other
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:23 Jan 2020 14:13
Metadata Last Modified:23 Jan 2020 14:13

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