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Household level rainwater harvesting in the drylands of northern Ethiopia

its role for food and nutrition security

Teka, Kassa (2018). Household level rainwater harvesting in the drylands of northern Ethiopia. Uppsala: Other, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. AgriFoSe2030 Report ; 11
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Abstract

To overcome the challenges caused by climate change, and to improve food security, the Ethiopian government, together with local communities, have made large efforts by constructing rainwater harvesting techniques (RWHTs) such as household ponds, cisterns, check dams and roof water harvesting at community and household level. This study performed a literature review to synthesize research on how these efforts have had positive effects on food security in communities and household in the Tigray region in northern Ethiopia. The result of the review indicates that the present RWHTs in the region contribute to increased crop productivity, crop diversity, livestock productivity, livestock feed, and reduced distance and time to water points. Despite the advantages RWHTs provide, their expansion to a larger region are constrained by many factors; initial investment costs, material availability and quality, risk of disease such as malaria, water loss to evaporation, limited technical design capacity and irrigation calendar skills. This study concludes that if implemented successfully, and in accordance with local climate and geographic conditions, rainwater harvesting can serve as a powerful tool to increase reliable access to water so as to respond to the impacts of climate change and increase food and nutrition security for poor households.

Authors/Creators:Teka, Kassa
Title:Household level rainwater harvesting in the drylands of northern Ethiopia
Subtitle:its role for food and nutrition security
Year of publishing :2018
Number:11
Number of Pages:15
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:SLU Global, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-9598-7
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Article category:Other scientific
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Keywords:food and nutrition security, Ethiopia
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-103576
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-103576
ID Code:16582
Faculty:G - Common Units
Department:Other
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:23 Jan 2020 13:59
Metadata Last Modified:23 Jan 2020 13:59

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